12 Facts About Alawite


At the core of Alawite belief is a divine triad, comprising three aspects of the one God.

FactSnippet No. 462,335

Many prominent Alawite tribes are descended from 13th century settlers from Sinjar.

FactSnippet No. 462,336

From this southern part of the Syrian coastal mountain range, a significant Alawite presence developed in the mountains east of Latakia and Jableh during the Mamluk period.

FactSnippet No. 462,337

Alawite's forces entered al-Ali's village of Al-Shaykh Badr, arresting many Alawi leaders; however, Al-Ali fled to the north.

FactSnippet No. 462,338

Under the Mandate, many Alawite chieftains supported a separate Alawite nation, and tried to convert their autonomy into independence.

FactSnippet No. 462,339

In May 1930, the Alawite State was renamed the Government of Latakia in one of the few concessions by the French to Arab nationalists before 1936.

FactSnippet No. 462,340

Nevertheless, on 3 December 1936 the Alawite State was re-incorporated into Syria as a concession by the French to the National Bloc.

FactSnippet No. 462,341

Alawite was executed by the Syrian government in Damascus on 12 December 1946, only three days after a political trial.

FactSnippet No. 462,342

In 1966, Alawite-affiliated military officers successfully rebelled and expelled the Ba'ath Party old guard followers of Greek Orthodox Christian Michel Aflaq and Sunni Muslim Salah ad-Din al-Bitar, calling Zaki al-Arsuzi the "Socrates" of the reconstituted Ba'ath Party.

FactSnippet No. 462,343

In 1970, Air Force General Hafez al-Assad, an Alawite, took power and instigated a "Corrective Movement" in the Ba'ath Party.

FactSnippet No. 462,344

In 2022, a professor in the opposition-founded Idlib University performed a speech in which he expressed negative views on the ethnoreligious minority saying "the Alawite sect has only been able to produce violent mercenaries", claiming there are no scientists or intellectuals descending from the minority.

FactSnippet No. 462,345

Alawite beliefs have never been confirmed by their modern religious authorities.

FactSnippet No. 462,346