22 Facts About Latakia


Latakia is the principal port city of Syria and capital city of the Latakia Governorate located on the Mediterranean coast.

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In circa 1300, Arab geographer al-Dimashqi noted that Latakia had no running water and that trees were scarce, but the city's port was "a wonderful harbor.

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Latakia became under the Ottoman control after the Battle of Marj Dabiq in 1516.

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The British, French and Spanish established consulates in the city, so that by mid-century Latakia was serving as co-capital of the entire province of Tripoli, Lebanon.

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Latakia was killed in an urban revolt later that year that was inspired by the fundamentalist shaykh Muhammad al-Moghrabi.

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In 1920, Latakia fell under the French mandate, under which the Alawite State was established.

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Latakia is the home of Russia's largest foreign electronic eavesdropping facility.

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On 7 December 2021, Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike attack on Latakia's port, damaging the port's facilities and setting several containers on fire.

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Latakia is the capital of the Latakia Governorate, in western Syria, bordering Turkey to the north.

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Under Koppen's climate classification, Latakia has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with warm, humid summers and cool, wet winters.

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At the beginning of the 20th century, Latakia had a population of roughly 7, 000 inhabitants; however, the Journal of the Society of Arts recorded a population of 25, 000 in 1905.

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Latakia was historically a Sunni city, however the Alawatization process under Hafez al Asaad led to many Alawites moving from the rural hinterland into the city.

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Latakia was connected to six ferry lines to Alexandria, Izmir (Turkey) and Beirut (Lebanon).

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Marina Latakia has 150 berths for ships up to a maximum length of 25 meters and 4 meters draught.

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Cote d'Azur Beach of Latakia is Syria's premier coastal resort, and offers water skiing, jet skiing, and windsurfing.

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Cinemas in Latakia include Ugarit Cinema, al-Kindi, and a smaller theater off al-Moutanabbi Street.

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Latakia is the home city of three football clubs: Teshrin Sports Club was founded in 1947, Hutteen Sports Club was founded in 1945.

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Latakia tobacco is a specially prepared tobacco originally produced in Syria and named after the port city of Latakia.

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University of Latakia was founded in May 1971, and later renamed Tishreen University in 1976 to commemorate the October War of 1973.

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Latakia has consulates general of Finland and France, and honorary consulates of Greece and Romania.

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Bassel Al-Assad International Airport is located 25 kilometers south of Latakia and serves as a national and regional airport with regular flights to Sharjah, Jeddah, Riyadh and Cairo.

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The Port of Latakia is a link in six organized cruises between Alexandria, Izmir and Beirut.

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