18 Facts About Alawites


Alawites have historically kept their beliefs secret from outsiders and non-initiated Alawites, so rumours about them have arisen.

FactSnippet No. 463,620

The Alawite State was later dismantled, but the Alawites continued to be a significant part of the Syrian Armed Forces.

FactSnippet No. 463,621

Alawites are distinct from the Alevi religious sect in Turkey, although the terms share a common etymology and pronunciation.

FactSnippet No. 463,622

Alawites were later organised during Hamdanid rule in northern Syria by a follower of Muhammad ibn Nusayr known as al-Khasibi, who died in Aleppo about 969, after a rivalry with the Ishaqiyya sect, which claimed to have the doctrine of Ibn Nusayr.

FactSnippet No. 463,623

The 19th century historian Elias Saleh described the Alawites as living in a "state of ignorance" and having the negative traits of "laziness, lying, deceitfulness, inclination to robbery and bloodshed, and backstabbing".

FactSnippet No. 463,624

Alawites's forces entered al-Ali's village of Al-Shaykh Badr, arresting many Alawi leaders; however, Al-Ali fled to the north.

FactSnippet No. 463,625

French Mandate Administration encouraged Alawites to join their military forces, in part to provide a counterweight to the Sunni majority.

FactSnippet No. 463,626

Alawites was executed by the Syrian government in Damascus on 12 December 1946, only three days after a political trial.

FactSnippet No. 463,627

Alawites faced significant danger during the Syrian Civil War; particularly from Islamic groups who were a part of the opposition, though often denied by secular oppositionists.

FactSnippet No. 463,628

Alawites tend to conceal their beliefs due to historical persecution.

FactSnippet No. 463,629

Alawites hold that they were originally stars or divine lights that were cast out of heaven through disobedience and must undergo repeated reincarnation before returning to heaven.

FactSnippet No. 463,630

Alawites have traditionally lived in the Coastal Mountain Range, along the Mediterranean coast of Syria.

FactSnippet No. 463,631

Those Alawites are concentrated in the Latakia region of Syria, extending north to Antioch, Turkey, and in and around Homs and Hama.

FactSnippet No. 463,632

In Cukurova, Alawites are known as Fellah and Arabusagi by the Sunni population.

FactSnippet No. 463,633

In 1939, the Alawites accounted for some 40 percent of the population of the province of Iskenderun.

FactSnippet No. 463,634

Turkish Alawites traditionally speak the same dialect of Levantine Arabic as Syrian Alawites.

FactSnippet No. 463,635

Alawites are prominent in the sectors of transportation and commerce and a large, professional middle class has emerged.

FactSnippet No. 463,636

However, according to Al-Marsad, Alawites were forced to undergo a process of naturalisation.

FactSnippet No. 463,637