21 Facts About Alfred Schutz


Alfred Schutz was an Austrian philosopher and social phenomenologist whose work bridged sociological and phenomenological traditions.

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Alfred Schutz is gradually being recognized as one of the 20th century's leading philosophers of social science.

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Alfred Schutz related Edmund Husserl's work to the social sciences, using it to develop the philosophical foundations of Max Weber's sociology, in his major work Phenomenology of the Social World.

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Alfred Schutz was born on 13 April 1899 in Vienna, Austria, as the only child in an upper-middle-class Jewish family.

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In 1918, Alfred Schutz enrolled at the University of Vienna, where he earned his law degree.

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Alfred Schutz enrolled at the Viennese Academy of International Trade from 1919 to 1920, specialising in international law.

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Alfred Schutz was once described by Edmund Husserl as “a banker by day and a philosopher by night.

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Alfred Schutz continued to work for Reitler and Company as an international lawyer.

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Alfred Schutz moved to the United States in 1939, where he became a part-time faculty member of The New School.

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Alfred Schutz received a substantial amount of assistance from his wife, Ilse, who transcribed his working notes and letters from his taped dictations.

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Alfred Schutz died on 20 May 1959 in New York City at the age of 60.

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Alfred Schutz was strongly influenced by Ludwig von Mises, Henri Bergson, William James, and Edmund Husserl, as well as Max Weber.

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In 1932, Alfred Schutz's efforts resulted in his first published book, Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt which was published in English as The Phenomenology of the Social World.

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Alfred Schutz retains Weber's conception of social science as properly committed to the principle of value neutrality, but to value relevance, and that its investigations must rely on “ideal types”.

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Alfred Schutz viewed the technique of bracketing, drawn from Husserlian phenomenology, as a way beyond the limitations of ideal-type analysis.

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Alfred Schutz spoke much about intersubjectivity, in a broader sense, using it in reference to the social world, specifically the social nature of knowledge.

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Alfred Schutz believed that the various typifications we use inform how we understand and interact with people and objects in the social world.

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Alfred Schutz's writings have had a lasting impact on the social sciences, both on phenomenological approaches to sociology and in ethnomethodology .

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Alfred Schutz delves even more into specific relationships such as the difference between intimate face-to-face relationships and distant and impersonal relationships.

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In contrast, those who Alfred Schutz did not deem his fellow-men, he put them in three classes:.

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Alfred Schutz was interested in documenting the transition from direct to indirect experience and the series of experiences in between.

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