34 Facts About Almohad Caliphate


Almohad Caliphate movement originated with Ibn Tumart, a member of the Masmuda, a Berber tribal confederation of the Atlas Mountains of southern Morocco.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,027

Almohad Caliphate soon developed his own system, combining the doctrines of various masters.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,028

Almohad Caliphate laid the blame for the latitude on the ruling dynasty of the Almoravids, whom he accused of obscurantism and impiety.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,029

Almohad Caliphate opposed their sponsorship of the Maliki school of jurisprudence, which drew upon consensus and other sources beyond the Qur'an and Sunnah in their reasoning, an anathema to the stricter Zahirism favored by Ibn Tumart.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,030

Almohad Caliphate even went so far as to assault the sister of the Almoravid emir ?Ali ibn Yusuf, in the streets of Fez, because she was going about unveiled, after the manner of Berber women.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,031

Almohad Caliphate retreated to a nearby cave, and lived out an ascetic lifestyle, coming out only to preach his program of puritan reform, attracting greater and greater crowds.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,032

That the Almohad Caliphate movement did not immediately collapse after such a devastating defeat and the death of their charismatic Mahdi, is likely due to the skills of his successor, Abd al-Mu'min.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,033

Almohad Caliphate thus appointed his son as his successor and his other children as governors of the provinces of the Caliphate.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,034

Almohad Caliphate princes had a longer and more distinguished career than the Almoravids.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,035

The Almohad Caliphate ministers were careful to negotiate a series of truces with the Christian kingdoms, which remained more-or-less in place for next fifteen years.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,036

Almohad Caliphate set up a rebel camp and forged an alliance with the hitherto quiet Ferdinand III of Castile.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,037

Trust in the Almohad Caliphate leadership was severely shaken by these events – the disasters were promptly blamed on the distractions of Caliph al-Adil and the incompetence and cowardice of his lieutenants, the successes credited to non-Almohad Caliphate local leaders who rallied defenses.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,038

Almohad Caliphate promptly purchased a truce from Ferdinand III in return for 300,000 maravedis, allowing him to organize and dispatch the greater part of the Almohad army in Spain across the straits in 1228 to confront Yahya.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,039

Almohad Caliphate universities continued the knowledge of preceding Andalusi scholars as well as ancient Greco-Roman writers; contemporary literary figures included Ibn Rushd, Hafsa bint al-Hajj al-Rukuniyya, Ibn Tufail, Ibn Zuhr, Ibn al-Abbar, Ibn Amira and many more poets, philosophers, and scholars.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,040

Almohad Caliphate ideology preached by Ibn Tumart is described by Amira Bennison as a "sophisticated hybrid form of Islam that wove together strands from Hadith science, Zahiri and Shafi'i fiqh, Ghazalian social actions, and spiritual engagement with Shi'i notions of the imam and mahdi".

FactSnippet No. 2,508,041

Almohad Caliphate dynasty embraced a style of cursive Maghrebi script known today as "Maghrebi thuluth" as an official style used in manuscripts, coinage, documents, and architecture.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,042

Scribes and calligraphers of the Almohad Caliphate period started to illuminate words and phrases in manuscripts for emphasis, using gold leaf and lapis lazuli.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,043

However, the Almohad Caliphate dynasty saw industrial advancements in the spread of paper mills in Seville and Marrakesh, leading to the introduction of paper for Qur'an manuscripts, illuminated doctrine books, and official documents.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,044

Depictions of architecture specific to the Almohad caliphate are evident in several places in the manuscript.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,045

Penultimate Almohad Caliphate caliph, Abu Hafs al-Murtada, was a notable calligrapher in his own right and composed poems and copied Qur'ans.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,046

However, textiles produced by Almohad Caliphate workshops used progressively less figural decoration than previous Almoravid textiles, in favour of interlacing geometric and vegetal motifs.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,047

One of the best-known Almohad Caliphate textiles is the "Las Navas de Tolosa Banner", so-called because it was once thought to be a spoil won by Alfonso VIII at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,048

Decorations of a hammam dating back to the Almohad Caliphate period were uncovered in a bar in Seville during renovations in 2020.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,049

In general, Almohad Caliphate architecture was built mostly in rammed earth and brick rather than stone.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,050

Almohad Caliphate architects refined both the manufacturing process of these materials and their on-site assembly, making the execution of numerous and ambitious construction projects possible.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,051

The minarets of Almohad Caliphate mosques established the standard form and style of subsequent minarets in the region, with a square base and two-tiered shaft covered in polylobed arch and darj wa ktaf motifs.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,052

Likewise, the Calahorra Tower in Cordoba is believed to be an originally Almohad Caliphate structure designed to defend the river and the city's old bridge.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,053

Almohad Caliphate caliphs constructed multiple country estates just outside the main cities where they resided, continuing a tradition that existed under the Almoravids.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,054

Treatment and persecution of Jews under Almohad Caliphate rule was a drastic change.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,055

Maria Rosa Menocal, a specialist in Iberian literature at Yale University, has argued that "tolerance was an inherent aspect of Andalusian society", and that the Jewish dhimmis living under the Almohad Caliphate, while allowed fewer rights than Muslims, were still better off than in Christian Europe.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,056

The treatment and persecution of Christians under Almohad Caliphate rule was a drastic change as well.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,057

Idris al-Ma'mun, a late Almohad Caliphate pretender, renounced much Almohad Caliphate doctrine, including the identification of Ibn Tumart as the Mahdi, and the denial of dhimmi status.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,058

Almohad Caliphate allowed Jews to practice their religion openly in Marrakesh and even allowed a Christian church there as part of his alliance with Castile.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,059

In Iberia, Almohad Caliphate rule collapsed in the 1200s and was succeeded by several "Taifa" kingdoms, which allowed Jews to practice their religion openly.

FactSnippet No. 2,508,060