32 Facts About Alwar State


Alwar State was a kingdom from 1770 to 1818 and a princely state under British rule from 1818 to 1947.

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The nobility of Alwar State belonged to the Naruka branch of the Kachwaha dynasty.

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Alwar State was one of the 19 princely states of former-Rajputana, which existed at the time of Indian Independence.

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Alwar State's grandson was Rao Naru Singh who founded the Naruka clan.

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Alwar State showed great bravery and ability in the battle that, ensued at Kankod village.

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On his return journey, he was attacked by the Rajputs of the Alwar State he had insulted and defeated at Maonda-Mandholi in the Tanwarati hills, 60 miles north of Jaipur.

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Alwar State was moved to this either by the insult to his country, which a Rajput could ill bear, or by his desire to become reconciled with his own sovereign.

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Alwar State increased his wealth by relieving a rich man at Thanaghazi of some of his possessions and by plundering Baswa, a town belonging to Jaipur State.

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Alwar State had adopted a curious method to select his successor.

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Alwar State invited all his relations and nobles with their sons at his palace.

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Alwar State then chose the one who selected a sword and shield, as the most worthy.

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Maharaja Bakhtawar Singh of Alwar State concluded a defensive and offensive treaty with the British on 14 November 1803.

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The treaty stipulated that the foreign relations of Alwar State were to be regulated by the British government but the government was engaged not to "interfere with the country of Maharao Raja".

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The Alwar State chief was rewarded with the grant of Parganas of Ismailpur and Mandawar together with the taluks of Darbarpura, Ratal, Mandhan, Gilot, Sarai, Bijwar, Nimrana, Dadri, Loharu and Budwana.

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Alwar State is said to have become deranged in the evening of his reign and showed his insanity principally by his cruelty to Muslims, The mosques were razed to the ground; the tombs of Ghalib Shahid at Alwar and that of Sayyad Jalaluddin at Bahadurpur were dug out and the dwelling of Kamal Chisti at Alwar, was destroyed.

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The Government of the Alwar State had previously been carried on without system but with the assistance of some Muslim gentlemen of Delhi whom the Chief took into his service and made Diwans about 1838; great changes were made in the administrative system.

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Alwar State was a great patron of arts and letters, and attracted painters and skilled artisans from various parts of India to his service.

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Alwar State has left many splendid monuments to his name, such as a grand extensive palace in the city, and a smaller one called the Moti Dungri or Viney Vilas.

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Alwar State constituted a new Council consisting of five Thakurs for salvaging the administration, ruined by Dewans.

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Alwar State was created an Honorary Lieutenant Colonel in the British army in 1885 and the following year, was enrolled as a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India.

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Alwar State received the dignified title of Maharaja as a hereditary distinction in 1889.

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Alwar State died at the age of 34 years, on 22 May 1892 at Nainital, owing to excess dose of liquor.

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Maharaja Mangal Singh was succeeded by his minor son, Jai Singh, He was educated at the Mayo College, Ajmer and was invested with ruling powers on 10 December 1903 by Lord Curzon, Under his reign, the police department of the Alwar State was reorganised, He attended the Delhi Darbar held on the occasion of coronation of Emperor Edward VII and met the Emperor the next year, on 15 December 1905 when he visited this country.

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Alwar State liberally supported the war effort of the British Government during the World War I The Mangal Lancers and Jey Paltan fought on various fronts-Suez Canal, Egypt, Sinai, Ghaza and Rapha.

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Alwar State attended the Imperial Conference held in London in 1923 as a representative of India and was a prominent figure in the Chamber of Princes and at the First Round Table Conference.

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Alwar State was a fine polo and racquet player, a scholar of Hindu philosophy and an orator of higher order.

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Alwar State was an outstanding personality in many ways and participated in many National and International conferences.

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Alwar State always spoke eloquently of the fine cultural heritage and greatness of India as a whole.

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Alwar State had equal command over English and Hindi and knew Sanskrit.

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Bad finances of the Alwar State coupled with Meo agitation and the Neemuchana massacre, gave the British authorities opportunity to interfere in his administration and he was in 1933, ultimately asked to leave the Alwar State.

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Alwar State died in Paris on 19 May 1937 leaving no lineal or adopted son.

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Alwar State City Palace, or Vinay Vilas, built in 1793 by Raja Bakhtawar Singh, is a district administrative office.

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