21 Facts About Arduino


Arduino is an open-source hardware and software company, project, and user community that designs and manufactures single-board microcontrollers and microcontroller kits for building digital devices.

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Arduino boards are available commercially from the official website or through authorized distributors.

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Arduino project began in 2005 as a tool for students at the Interaction Design Institute Ivrea, Italy, aiming to provide a low-cost and easy way for novices and professionals to create devices that interact with their environment using sensors and actuators.

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Name Arduino comes from a bar in Ivrea, Italy, where some of the founders of the project used to meet.

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Arduino project was started at the Interaction Design Institute Ivrea in Ivrea, Italy.

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The founding bylaws of Arduino LLC specified that each of the five founders transfer ownership of the Arduino brand to the newly formed company.

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In May 2015, Arduino LLC created the worldwide trademark Genuino, used as brand name outside the United States.

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Arduino intends to continue to work with all technology vendors and architectures.

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In February 2019, Arduino announced its IoT Cloud service as an extension of the Create online environment.

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The official policy document on use of the Arduino name emphasizes that the project is open to incorporating work by others into the official product.

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The 32-bit Arduino Due, based on the Atmel SAM3X8E was introduced in 2012.

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Arduino microcontrollers are pre-programmed with a boot loader that simplifies uploading of programs to the on-chip flash memory.

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Some serial Arduino boards contain a level shifter circuit to convert between RS-232 logic levels and transistor–transistor logic level signals.

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Current Arduino boards are programmed via Universal Serial Bus, implemented using USB-to-serial adapter chips such as the FTDI FT232.

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Many enhance the basic Arduino by adding output drivers, often for use in school-level education, to simplify making buggies and small robots.

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Original Arduino hardware was manufactured by the Italian company Smart Projects.

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Some Arduino-branded boards have been designed by the American companies SparkFun Electronics and Adafruit Industries.

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Arduino integrated development environment is a cross-platform application that is written in the Java programming language.

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The Arduino IDE employs the program avrdude to convert the executable code into a text file in hexadecimal encoding that is loaded into the Arduino board by a loader program in the board's firmware.

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Open-source nature of the Arduino project has facilitated the publication of many free software libraries that other developers use to augment their projects.

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Arduino project received an honorary mention in the Digital Communities category at the 2006 Prix Ars Electronica.

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