10 Facts About Attalid


Kingdom of Pergamon or Attalid kingdom was a Greek state during the Hellenistic period that ruled much of the Western part of Asia Minor from its capital city of Pergamon.

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Attalid extended his power and influence beyond just the city of Pergamon.

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Attalid contributed troops, money and food to the city of Cyzicus, in Mysia, for its defence against the invading Gauls, thus gaining prestige and goodwill for him and his family.

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Attalid built the temple of Demeter on the acropolis, the temple of Athena, and Pergamon's first palace.

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Attalid rebelled and defeated the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 BC.

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Attalid established garrisons, such as Philetaireia, in the north at the foot of Mount Ida, which was named after his adoptive father, and Attaleia, in the east, to the northeast of Thyatira near the sources of the river Lycus, which was named after his grandfather.

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Attalid extended his control to the south of the river Caicus, reaching the Gulf of Cyme.

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Attalid minted coins with the portrait of Philetaerus, who during his reign had still been depicting the Seleucid king Seleucus I Nicator on his coins.

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Attalid then fought Antiochus alone in a battle near Sardis and in the Battle of the Harpasus in Caria in 229 BC, after this Antiochus left to start a campaign in Mesopotamia and was killed in 226 BC.

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Attalid repulsed several attempts by Seleucus III Ceraunus, who had succeeded Seleucus II, to recover the lost territory.

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