30 Facts About Barnard College


Barnard College of Columbia University is a private women's liberal arts college located in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.

FactSnippet No. 426,716

Barnard College was one of more than 120 women's colleges founded in the 19th century, and one of fewer than 40 in existence today solely dedicated to the academic empowerment of women.

FactSnippet No. 426,717

Barnard College offers Bachelor of Arts degree programs in about 50 areas of study.

FactSnippet No. 426,718

Barnard College is one of the original Seven Sisters, seven highly selective liberal arts colleges in the Northeastern United States that were historically women's colleges.

FactSnippet No. 426,719

Barnard College alumnae include many prominent leaders in science, religion, politics, the Peace Corps, medicine, law, education, communications, theater, and business.

FactSnippet No. 426,720

Barnard College graduates have been recipients of Emmy, Tony, Grammy, Academy, and Peabody Awards, Guggenheim Fellowships, MacArthur Fellowships, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the National Medal of Science, and the Pulitzer Prize.

FactSnippet No. 426,721

Barnard College was founded in 1889 as a response to Columbia's refusal to admit women into its institution.

FactSnippet No. 426,722

Barnard College advocated for equal educational privileges for men and women, preferably in a coeducational setting, and began proposing in 1879 that Columbia admit women.

FactSnippet No. 426,723

Barnard College's original 1889 home was a rented brownstone at 343 Madison Avenue, where a faculty of six offered instruction to 14 students in the School of Arts, as well as to 22 "specials", who lacked the entrance requirements in Greek and so enrolled in science.

FactSnippet No. 426,724

When Columbia University announced in 1892 its impending move to Morningside Heights, Barnard built a new campus nearby with gifts from Mary E Brinckerhoff, Elizabeth Milbank Anderson and Martha Fiske.

FactSnippet No. 426,725

Brinckerhoff had offered $100, 000 in 1892, on the condition that Barnard College acquire land within 1, 000 feet of the Columbia campus within the next four years.

FactSnippet No. 426,726

The Barnard College trustees purchased land between 119th-120th Streets after receiving funds for that purpose in 1895.

FactSnippet No. 426,727

Students' Hall, now known as Barnard College Hall, was built in 1916 to a design by Arnold Brunner.

FactSnippet No. 426,728

Barnard College students are able to pursue a Bachelor of Arts degree in about 50 areas of study.

FactSnippet No. 426,729

In 2015, Barnard College announced that it would admit transgender women who "consistently live and identify as women, regardless of the gender assigned to them at birth" and would continue to support and enroll those students who transitioned to male after they had already been admitted.

FactSnippet No. 426,730

The Barnard College Library encompasses the Archives and Special Collections, a repository of official and student publications, photographs, zines, letters, alumnae scrapbooks and other material that documents Barnard College's history from its founding in 1889 to the present day.

FactSnippet No. 426,731

Every Barnard College student is part of the Student Government Association, which elects a representative student government.

FactSnippet No. 426,732

Barnard College students participate in Columbia's six National Panhellenic Conference sororities—Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Omicron Pi, Delta Gamma, Gamma Phi Beta, Kappa Alpha Theta, and Sigma Delta Tau—and the National Pan-Hellenic Council Sororities- Alpha Kappa Alpha and Delta Sigma Theta (Rho chapter) as well as other sororities in the Multicultural Greek Council.

FactSnippet No. 426,733

Barnard College is an independent institution with its own policies, endowment, and trustees.

FactSnippet No. 426,734

Columbia describes Barnard College as an affiliated institution that is a faculty of the university or is "in partnership with" it.

FactSnippet No. 426,735

That year Barnard College formalized an affiliation with the university which made available to its students the instruction and facilities of Columbia.

FactSnippet No. 426,736

In 1973 Columbia and Barnard College signed a three-year agreement to increase sharing classrooms, facilities, and housing, and cooperation in faculty appointments, which they described as "integration without assimilation"; by the mid-1970s most Columbia dormitories were coed.

FactSnippet No. 426,737

The university's financial difficulties during the decade increased its desire to merge to end what Columbia described as the "anachronism" of single-sex education, but Barnard College resisted doing so because of Columbia's large debt, rejecting in 1975 Columbia dean Peter Pouncey's proposal to merge Barnard College and the three Columbia undergraduate schools.

FactSnippet No. 426,738

The college's marketing emphasized the Columbia relationship, however, the Bulletin in 1976 stating that Barnard described it as identical to the one between Harvard College and Radcliffe College.

FactSnippet No. 426,739

In January 1982, the two schools instead announced that Columbia College would begin admitting women in 1983, and Barnard's control over tenure for its faculty would increase; previously, a committee on which Columbia faculty outnumbered Barnard's three to two controlled the latter's tenure.

FactSnippet No. 426,740

Nonetheless, Barnard College students participate in the academic, social, athletic and extracurricular life of the broader University community on a reciprocal basis.

FactSnippet No. 426,741

The affiliation permits the two schools to share some academic resources; for example, only Barnard College has an urban studies department, and only Columbia has a computer science department.

FactSnippet No. 426,742

Barnard College officials searched their records for women from New Hampshire and were able to determine that "Susan" was the pseudonym of a student who was living with her boyfriend, a student at Columbia University.

FactSnippet No. 426,743

Barnard College's was called before Barnard's student-faculty administration judicial committee, where she faced the possibility of expulsion.

FactSnippet No. 426,744

Barnard College has graduated many prominent leaders in science, religion, politics, the Peace Corps, medicine, law, education, communications, theater, and business; and acclaimed actors, architects, artists, astronauts, engineers, human rights activists, inventors, musicians, philanthropists, and writers.

FactSnippet No. 426,745