18 Facts About Batavian Republic


Batavian Republic was the successor state to the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.

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The new Batavian Republic enjoyed widespread support from the Dutch populace and was the product of a genuine popular revolution.

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The Batavian Republic became a client state, the first of the "sister-republics", and later part of the French Empire of Napoleon.

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However, exactly because the Batavian Republic was a genuine democracy, other goals of the regime were less easy to attain.

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The grand total in 1795, at the beginning of the Batavian Republic, came to 760 million guilders; this imposed a debt service of 25 million guilders annually.

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Batavian Republic needed to generate about 50 million guilders annually in ordinary revenue on a permanent basis urgently.

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Sagging popularity of the Batavian Republic did not escape the attention of the British intelligence services.

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Batavian Republic blamed the Uitvoerend Bewind for this, and many other foibles, like undermining the boycott of British goods.

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The consequence of the Peace Treaty was that the Batavian Republic now received international recognition, even by the British, and that the old Dutch Republic was now irreversibly dead.

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An example of this would the British acceptance of the surrender of the Batavian Republic fleet in the name of the Stadtholder in 1799, as though he was a sovereign prince.

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Batavian Republic did have large patrimonial estates in the Netherlands that now were forfeit.

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Batavian Republic proposed to abolish all perquisites and sinecures; to permit private trade; to permit native subjects to own private property; to substitute the "land levies" by a regulated land tax; and the abolition of all seigneurial rights in the colonies.

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Batavian Republic had played an important role as the leader of the federalist opposition in the "revolutionary" States-General of 1795, and the first Assembly.

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Batavian Republic had long had a woolly vision of a "national conciliation" in the Netherlands, that made him amenable to a rapprochement with conservative and Orangist circles.

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Batavian Republic's was a one-man Executive that would in no way be encumbered by the 19 man Legislative Corps, that had no powers apart from the Pensionary.

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Batavian Republic had become a confidant of the emperor, and now engaged in a secret correspondence with Talleyrand and Napoleon.

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Batavian Republic saw a good candidate for such a position in the Netherlands in his brother Louis Bonaparte.

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Batavian Republic duly established control in the Netherlands and was offered the crown of the combined area of the former 17 provinces of the Netherlands by the Allies in the secret London Protocol of 21 June 1814, which he accepted exactly one month later.

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