12 Facts About Bechuanaland Protectorate


Bechuanaland Protectorate was a protectorate established on 31 March 1885, by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in Southern Africa.

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Bechuanaland Protectorate campaigned for the establishment of what became the Bechuanaland Protectorate, to be ruled directly from Britain.

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Bechuanaland Protectorate meant the "country of the Tswana" and for administrative purposes was divided into two political entities.

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British Bechuanaland Protectorate was incorporated into the Cape Colony in 1895 and now forms part of South Africa.

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Northern part, the Bechuanaland Protectorate, had an area of 225,000 square miles, and a population of 120,776.

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Also living in the Bechuanaland Protectorate were the descendants of the original inhabitants of the area, such as Bushmen and Makalaka, who had been dispossessed by the Tswana peoples in the course of their migration south.

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Bechuanaland Protectorate was technically a protectorate rather than a colony.

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Bechuanaland Protectorate was administered from Mafeking, creating an unusual situation, the capital of the territory being located outside of the territory.

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In 1885, when the protectorate was declared, Bechuanaland was bounded to the north by the latitude of 22° south.

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Bechuanaland Protectorate collaborated closely with the British military, and kept his vast, but underpopulated lands independent from intruders from South Africa.

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Bechuanaland Protectorate was a servant of the people; the chieftaincy itself was at stake.

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Bechuanaland Protectorate would remain Botswana's President until his death from pancreatic cancer in 1980.

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