27 Facts About Bhopal State


Bhopal State was an Islamic principality founded in the beginning of 18th-century India by the Afghan Mughal noble Dost Muhammad Khan.

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Bhopal State was founded in 1707 CE by Dost Mohammad Khan, a Pashtun soldier in the Mughal army, who became a mercenary after the Emperor Aurangzeb's death and annexed several territories to his fiefdom.

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Some Islamic revival activities of the Bhopal state were met with disapproval by the British authorities.

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State of Bhopal was established by Dost Mohammad Khan, a pashtun soldier in the Mughal Army.

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Bhopal State annexed several other territories in Malwa to his state.

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Bhopal State became a British protectorate in 1818 after the Third Anglo-Maratha War and was ruled by the Orakzai descendants of Dost Mohammad Khan until 1949, when it was annexed by the Dominion of India after a popular revolt against the ruling dynasty.

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Marathas conquered several nearby states, including Indore to the west and Gwalior to the north, but Bhopal remained a Muslim-ruled state under Dost Mohammed Khan's successors.

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Bhopal State built gardens and barracks for British guests and soldiers in Jahangirabad.

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In 1778, during the First Anglo-Maratha War, when the British General Thomas Goddard campaigned across India, Bhopal was one of the few states that reached out to the British.

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The Nawab of Bhopal State petitioned in vain to be received under British protection.

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Bhopal State remained a friend of British Government during the British Raj in India.

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In February–March 1818, Bhopal became a princely state in British India as a result of the Anglo-Bhopal treaty between the East India Company and Nawab Nazar Muhammad.

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Bhopal State declared that her 2-year-old daughter Sikander will follow her as the ruler.

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Bhopal State cared very well for her subjects and took her dinners only after receiving the news every night that all her subjects had taken meals.

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Bhopal State built the Jama Masjid and her beautiful palace the 'Gohar Mahal' in Bhopal.

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Bhopal State ruled till 1837 when she died having adequately prepared her daughter for ruling the state.

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Bhopal State was trained in the martial arts, and fought many battles during her reign.

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Bhopal State did a lot of public welfare too – she built roads and reconstructed the fort.

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Bhopal State required undertakings from the balahi and patel of every village, to report any violations to the concerned thana.

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Bhopal State published a pamphlet from Sikandari press, denying the charges of British interference in the religious affairs of Hindus and Muslims.

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Bhopal State built a vast mini-city, called Shahjahanabad after her.

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Bhopal State built many other beautiful buildings as well, including Ali Manzil, Amir Ganj, Barah Mahal, Ali Manzil, Be nazir Complex, Khawasoura, Mughalpura, Nematpua and Nawab Manzils.

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Bhopal State had her own palace Sadar Manzil ; yet preferred the quiet and serene environment at the outskirts of the city.

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Bhopal State developed her own walled mini-city, named Ahmedabad after her late husband.

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Bhopal State was the first president of the All India Conference on Education and first chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University.

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Later, in February 1949, the political detainees were released and the Nawab Bhopal State had to sign the agreement for merger on 30 April 1949.

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The new Bhopal State was declared a "Part C" state, governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India.

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