26 Facts About Canadian citizenship


Canadian citizenship was created as a legal status by the Canadian Citizenship Act, 1946, enacted by the Parliament of Canada in 1946 and brought into effect on 1 January 1947.

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The Canadian Citizenship Act, 1946 changed that situation, creating the legal status of Canadian citizen, separate from status as British subject.

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Canadian citizenship is governed by the Citizenship Act, enacted in 1977.

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Children born overseas are Canadian citizenship citizens by descent if either parent is a citizen by birth or naturalization in Canada.

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All descendants of deported persons were eligible for the grant of Canadian citizenship provided that they were living on 22 September 1988, regardless of whether the person deported from Canada was still alive.

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Canadian citizenship can be relinquished by applying for renunciation, provided that the applicant already possesses or will possess another nationality.

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Additionally, between 28 May 2015 and 19 June 2017, Canadians holding another citizenship who were convicted of treason or terrorism were liable for potential citizenship revocation.

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Children of married Canadian mothers became eligible in that year to apply for facilitated grants of citizenship.

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However, under Bill C-37, only those who were the first generation born abroad were able to have their Canadian citizenship restored, while second and subsequent generations born abroad remain foreign if they had failed to retain their Canadian citizenship under the 1947 Act.

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The exception applied to Canadian citizenship-born children of employees of foreign governments, and to Canadian citizenship-born children of foreign employees of diplomats.

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Between 1947 and 1977, several Canadian citizens had involuntarily lost their citizenship under the 1947 Act, mostly by acquiring the nationality or citizenship of another country.

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Loss of British subject status or Canadian citizenship could occur even when the person was physically in Canada.

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Also, anyone born in 1947 outside the country to a Canadian mother or father, in or out of wedlock, would have citizenship if they are the first generation born abroad.

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Under Bill C-37 and Bill C-24 which went into effect on 17 April 2009 and 11 June 2015, respectively, Canadian citizenship was restored or granted for those who have involuntarily lost their Canadian citizenship under the 1947 Act or British subject status before 1947, as well as their children.

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In 2006, around 863,000 Canadian citizens residing in Canada reported in the census to hold at least one more citizenship or nationality of another country.

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The en masse citizenship grant and restoration in 2009 and 2015 further increased the number of Canadians with multiple citizenships, as Canadian citizenship was restored or granted to most of the people who lost their Canadian citizenship or British subject status by acquiring citizenship of another country.

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The term "Canadian citizenship citizen" was first created under the Immigration Act 1910 to identify a British subject who was born in Canada or who possessed Canadian citizenship domicile, which could be acquired by any British subject who had lawfully resided in Canada for at least three years.

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At that time, "Canadian citizenship" was solely an immigration term and not a nationality term, hence "Canadian citizens" under the Immigration Act would be subject to the same rules on acquisition and loss of British subject status under the British Nationality and Status of Aliens Act 1914.

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Under the Immigration Act 1910, "Canadian citizenship" would be lost for any person who had ceased to be a British subject, as well as non-Canadian born or naturalized British subjects who "voluntarily [reside] outside Canada".

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Canadian citizenship-born or naturalized British subjects would not lose their Canadian citizenship domicile by residing outside Canada.

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The status was bestowed on all holders of "Canadian citizenship" and their wives, but included all children born outside Canada to Canadian National fathers, regardless of whether possessing British subject status at the time of birth.

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Canadian citizenship citizens have the unrestricted right to enter and remain in the country and cannot be deported.

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Canadian citizenship citizens are not considered foreigners when residing in the United Kingdom and are entitled to certain rights as Commonwealth citizens.

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The certificate is automatically issued to an individual who has become a Canadian citizenship citizen through naturalization, as well as to citizens born outside of Canada, but can be issued to any Canadian citizenship upon request.

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The Canadian citizenship card was originally issued between 1954 and 1977 as a supplement of the larger certificate before the 1977 Act.

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Deepan Budlakoti, a stateless man born in Ontario, was twice issued a valid Canadian passport based on his Ontario birth certificate before the federal government realized that he is not a Canadian citizen under s 3 and revoked his Canadian passport.

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