34 Facts About Cray Research


Cray Research manufactures its products in part in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, where its founder, Seymour Cray Research, was born and raised.

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Company's predecessor, Cray Research, Inc, was founded in 1972 by computer designer Seymour Cray.

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Seymour Cray Research later formed Cray Research Computer Corporation in 1989, which went bankrupt in 1995.

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Cray Research was acquired by Hewlett Packard Enterprise in 2019 for $1.

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Seymour Cray began working in the computing field in 1950 when he joined Engineering Research Associates in Saint Paul, Minnesota.

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Cray Research left the company in 1960, a few years after former ERA employees set up Control Data Corporation.

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Cray Research initially worked out of the CDC headquarters in Minneapolis, but grew upset by constant interruptions by managers.

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Cray Research eventually set up a lab in his hometown of Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, about 85 miles to the east.

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Cray Research had a string of successes at CDC, including the CDC 6600 and CDC 7600.

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When he was told the project would have to be put "on hold" in 1972, Cray left to form his own company, Cray Research, Inc Copying the previous arrangement, Cray kept the research and development facilities in Chippewa Falls, and put the business headquarters in Minneapolis.

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The company's first product, the Cray Research-1 supercomputer, was a major success because it was significantly faster than all other computers at the time.

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Cray Research soon left the CEO position to become an independent contractor.

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Cray Research started a new Very Large Scale Integration technology lab for the Cray-2 in Boulder, Colorado, Cray Laboratories, in 1979, which closed in 1982; undaunted, Cray later headed a similar spin-off in 1989, Cray Computer Corporation in Colorado Springs, Colorado, where he worked on the Cray-3 project—the first attempt at major use of gallium arsenide semiconductors in computing.

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Ultimately, only one Cray Research-3 was delivered, and a number of follow-on designs were never completed.

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Cray Research continued development along a separate line of computers, originally with lead designer Steve Chen and the Cray X-MP.

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At first, Cray Research denigrated such approaches by complaining that developing software to effectively use the machines was difficult – a true complaint in the era of the ILLIAC IV, but becoming less so each day.

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In December 1991, Cray Research purchased some of the assets of Floating Point Systems, another minisuper vendor that had moved into the file server market with its SPARC-based Model 500 line.

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In spite of these machines being some of the most powerful available when applied to appropriate workloads, Cray Research was never very successful in this market, possibly due to it being so foreign to its existing market niche.

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Cray Research was acquired by Silicon Graphics for $740 million in February 1996.

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Key among these was the use of the Cray Research-developed HIPPI computer bus and details of the interconnects used in the T3 series.

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On March 2,2000, Cray Research was sold to Tera Computer Company, which was renamed Cray Research Inc.

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In May 2004, Cray Research was announced to be one of the partners in the United States Department of Energy's fastest-computer-in-the-world project to build a 50 teraFlops machine for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

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The suit claimed that Cray Research used ISR's patented technology in the development of the Cray Research X1.

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In 2004, Cray Research completed the Red Storm system for Sandia National Laboratories.

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Cray Research XT4, introduced in 2006 added support for DDR2 memory, newer dual-core and future quad-core Opteron processors and utilized a second generation SeaStar2 communication coprocessor.

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On November 13,2006, Cray Research announced a new system, the Cray Research XMT, based on the MTA series of machines.

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In 2006, Cray Research announced a vision of products dubbed Adaptive Supercomputing.

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In early 2010, Cray Research introduced the Cray Research CX1000, a rack-mounted system with a choice of compute-based, GPU-based, or SMP-based chassis.

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In October 2012 Cray Research announced the Cray Research XK7 which supports the NVIDIA Kepler GPGPU and announced that the ORNL Jaguar system would be upgraded to an XK7 and capable of over 20 petaflops.

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In 2011 Cray Research announced it had been awarded the $188 million Blue Waters contract with the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, after IBM had pulled out of the delivery.

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In 2011, Cray Research launched the OpenACC parallel programming standard organization.

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However, in 2019 Cray Research announced that it was deprecating OpenACC, and will support OpenMP.

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On November 9,2012, Cray Research announced the acquisition of Appro International, Inc, a California-based privately held developer of advanced scalable supercomputing solutions.

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On June 28,2022, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration inaugurated the nation's newest weather and climate supercomputers, two HPE Cray Research supercomputers installed and operated by General Dynamics.

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