11 Facts About Indian astronomy


Some earliest roots of Indian astronomy can be dated to the period of Indus Valley civilisation or earlier.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,874

Indian astronomy was influenced by Greek astronomy beginning in the 4th century BCE and through the early centuries of the Common Era, for example by the Yavanajataka and the Romaka Siddhanta, a Sanskrit translation of a Greek text disseminated from the 2nd century.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,875

Indian astronomy flowered in the 5th–6th century, with Aryabhata, whose work, Aryabhatiya, represented the pinnacle of astronomical knowledge at the time.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,876

Later the Indian astronomy significantly influenced Muslim astronomy, Chinese astronomy, European astronomy, and others.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,877

Some earliest forms of Indian astronomy can be dated to the period of Indus Valley civilisation, or earlier.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,878

Classical era of Indian astronomy begins in the late Gupta era, in the 5th to 6th centuries.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,879

For example, Hellenistic Indian astronomy is known to have been practiced near India in the Greco-Bactrian city of Ai-Khanoum from the 3rd century BCE.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,880

Indian astronomy reached China with the expansion of Buddhism during the Later Han.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,881

However, the most detailed incorporation of Indian astronomy occurred only during the Tang Dynasty when a number of Chinese scholars—such as Yi Xing— were versed both in Indian and Chinese astronomy.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,882

Indian astronomy wrote about the heliocentric model, and argued that there exists an infinite number of universes, each with their own planets and stars, and that this demonstrates the omnipotence of God, who is not confined to a single universe.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,883

Jai Singh II in 18 th century started taking interest in science and Indian astronomy and made Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, Delhi, Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura.

FactSnippet No. 1,559,884