15 Facts About Indiana Territory


The Indiana Territory was the first new territory created from lands of the Northwest Territory, which had been organized under the terms of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,664

Indiana Territory's government passed through a non-representative phase from 1800 to 1804; a semi-legislative second phase, which included the election of lower house of the territorial legislature, that extended through the ongoing hostilities with Native Americans and the War of 1812; and a final period, when the territory's population increased and its residents successfully petitioned Congress for statehood in 1816.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,665

In 1803, when the Indiana Territory was formed from the remaining Northwest Territory after Ohio attained statehood, the requirement for proceeding to the semi-legislative phase of territorial government was modified.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,666

In 1809, after the Indiana Territory was divided to create the Illinois Territory, the U S Congress altered the makeup of the territorial legislature.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,667

Harrison's attempts to allow slavery in the Indiana Territory caused a significant opposition from the Quakers who had settled in the eastern part of the territory.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,668

Indiana Territory, meaning "Land of the Indians", references the fact that most of the area north of the Ohio River was still inhabited by Native Americans.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,669

Indiana Territory named their land claim Indiana, in honor of its previous owners.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,670

Indiana Territory had the authority to divide the territory into districts.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,671

Indiana Territory began with four counties: Saint Clair and Randolph County, which became part of present-day Illinois; Knox in present-day Indiana; Wayne County, which became part of present-day Michigan.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,672

Under the terms of the act establishing the district's temporary government, Governor Harrison and the Indiana Territory's judges enacted laws that extended to the Louisiana district.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,673

Indiana Territory further encouraged resistance by telling the tribes to only pay white traders half of what they owed, and to give up all the white man's ways, including their clothing, whiskey, and guns.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,674

Between 1805 and 1811 the northern portion of Indiana Territory was partitioned to establish Michigan Territory and the western portion of the territory set off to form the Illinois Territory.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,675

Posey, who thought it was too early to petition for statehood for Indiana Territory, argued that a state government would pose a fiscal burden on its residents and there would not be sufficient candidates to fill all the new state offices.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,676

Indiana Territory supported slavery, much to the chagrin of his opponents, including Jennings, Dennis Pennington, and others in the territorial legislature and who sought to use the bid for statehood to permanently end the possibility of slavery in Indiana.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,677

Indiana Territory is celebrated at an annual event in Corydon that is centered around the territorial capitol building.

FactSnippet No. 1,191,678