60 Facts About Louis Brandeis

1. Louis Brandeis was never a practising Jew, but he was a passionate convert to Zionism.

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2. Louis Brandeis was born in 1856, into a family of non-religious Jews a few years after they emigrated from Germany to the United States.

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3. Louis Brandeis was not the first American jurist to challenge the exploitation of legal pedantry in the service of reactionary politics.

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4. Louis Brandeis realised that his main difficulty was that the Supreme Court, with a conservative majority, had decided only three years earlier that a New York state law forbidding long hours in a bakery was in breach of the constitution.

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5. Louis Brandeis was deeply disturbed by these developments and decided that he could not accept responsibility for the work of the World Organization; he consented to continue as honorary president only when persuaded that his withdrawal would have serious implications for the safety of the Jews in Eastern Europe.

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6. Louis Brandeis took part in the effort to bring legal protections to industrial workers, and as part of this effort he contributed a major idea to the Supreme Court legal process.

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7. Louis Brandeis lived and studied in Europe for three years after graduating from Louisville public schools at the age of fifteen.

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8. Louis Brandeis married Alice Goldmark in 1891, and they had two daughters.

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9. Louis Brandeis often joined his colleague Oliver Wendell Holmes in dissenting against the Court's willingness to pose its judgments about economic and social policy against those of individual states.

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10. Louis Brandeis took part in the effort to bring legal protections to industrial laborers, and as part of this effort he contributed a major concept to Supreme Court litigation.

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11. Louis Brandeis was one of the most important Americans involved in this effort, first as a publicly minded lawyer and, after 1916, as a member of the US Supreme Court.

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12. At the age of 18, Louis Brandeis entered Harvard Law School, where he completed a three-year program in two years.

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13. Louis Brandeis served the nation's highest court from 1916 until his retirement in 1939.

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14. Louis Brandeis created a new style of legal writing, appropriately called the Brandeis brief.

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15. In 1914, Louis Brandeis published Other People's Money—and How the Bankers Use It, a denunciation of trusts and investment banking.

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16. Louis Brandeis worked without a fee to fight monopolistic streetcar franchises in Boston and to improve the questionable practices of life insurance companies.

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17. Louis Brandeis argued for the constitutionality of maximum hour and minimum wage laws.

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18. Louis Brandeis was one of the first US lawyers to offer pro bono services.

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19. Louis Brandeis had an obvious passion for law and he considered the years at Harvard among the happiest in his life.

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20. Louis Brandeis was famous for his prodigious intellect and his well-crafted, detailed dissents.

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21. Louis Brandeis was educated at private and public schools in Louisville, at the Annen Realschule in Dresden, Germany, in 1874 and 1875, and at the Harvard Law School, from which he received his LL.

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22. Louis Brandeis believed that establishing and believing in a Jewish homeland; it will become easier to combat anti-Semitism.

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23. Louis Brandeis died in 1941 after suffering from a heart attack.

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24. Louis Brandeis was first offered a position in the White House in 1913 when President Woodrow Wilson made him an offer.

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25. Louis Brandeis was a serious student and enjoyed learning languages, music and politics.

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26. In 1890, Louis Brandeis argued, in what became one of the most famous Harvard Law review articles in history, that a right to privacy was inherent in American law.

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27. Louis Brandeis was appointed to the US Supreme Court in 1916 by President Woodrow Wilson in a bitterly contested process that sought to brand him as a radical reformer, and was tinged with anti-Semitism.

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28. Louis Brandeis married Alice Goldmark, with whom he had two daughters.

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29. Louis Brandeis graduated from high school at the age of 14 and attended college first in Kentucky, and then in Germany when his father relocated the family overseas.

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30. Louis Brandeis was born in Kentucky on November 13, 1856.

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31. Louis Brandeis was a founding member of the Massachusetts Bar Association.

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32. Louis Brandeis was a social reformer, legal innovator, labor champion, and Zionist leader.

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33. Louis Brandeis brought his influence to bear on the Wilson administration in the negotiations leading up to the Balfour Declaration and the Paris Peace Conference.

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34. Louis Brandeis became active in the Federation of American Zionists in 1912, as a result of a conversation with Jacob de Haas, according to some.

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35. Louis Brandeis opposed Roosevelt's court-packing scheme of 1937, which proposed to add one additional justice to the Supreme Court for every sitting member who had reached the age of seventy without retiring.

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36. Louis Brandeis was an advisor to Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal through intermediaries.

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37. Louis Brandeis served as Wilson's chief economic adviser from 1912 until 1916.

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38. Louis Brandeis urged the Wilson administration to develop proposals for new antitrust legislation to give the Department of Justice the power to enforce antitrust laws, with Brandeis becoming one of the architects of the Federal Trade Commission.

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39. Louis Brandeis left the meeting a "confirmed admirer" of Wilson, who he said was likely to make 'an "ideal president.

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40. In 1934, Louis Brandeis had another legal confrontation with Morgan, this one relating to securities regulation bills.

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41. Louis Brandeis met twice with President Theodore Roosevelt, who convinced the US Department of Justice to file suit against New Haven for antitrust violations.

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42. Louis Brandeis spoke publicly to Boston's citizens warning them that the New Haven "sought to monopolize the transportation of New England.

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43. Louis Brandeis said that national advertisers undermined the traditional relationship between consumers and local businesses.

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44. Louis Brandeis was convinced that monopolies and trusts were "neither inevitable nor desirable.

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45. Louis Brandeis was becoming increasingly conscious of and hostile to powerful corporations and the trend toward bigness in American industry and finance.

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46. Louis Brandeis spent nine months and held fifty-seven public hearings, at one such hearing proclaiming, "Men are not bad.

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47. Louis Brandeis appeared at public hearings to promote investigations into conditions in the public poor-houses.

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48. Louis Brandeis supported the conservation movement, and in 1910 emerged as the chief figure in the Pinchot–Ballinger investigation.

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49. Louis Brandeis wrote to his brother of his brief trips to Dedham: "Dedham is a spring of eternal youth for me.

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50. Louis Brandeis would never fit the stereotype of the wealthy man.

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51. In 1890, Louis Brandeis became engaged to his second cousin Alice Goldmark, of New York.

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52. Louis Brandeis defined modern notions of the individual right to privacy in a path-breaking article he published with his partner, Warren, in the Harvard Law Review of December 15, 1890, on "The Right to Privacy.

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53. Louis Brandeis was unusual among lawyers since he always turned away cases he considered bad.

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54. Louis Brandeis explained: "I would rather have clients than be somebody's lawyer.

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55. Louis Brandeis said of that period: "Those years were among the happiest of my life.

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56. Louis Brandeis wrote home to his wife, "America's progress is the triumph of the rights of man.

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57. Louis Brandeis became active in the Zionist movement, seeing it as a solution to antisemitism in Europe and Russia, while at the same time being a way to "revive the Jewish spirit.

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58. Louis Brandeis settled in Boston, where he founded a law firm and became a recognized lawyer through his work on progressive social causes.

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59. Louis Brandeis attended Harvard Law School, graduating at the age of 20 with what is widely rumored to be the highest grade average in the law school's history.

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60. Louis Brandeis was born in Louisville, Kentucky, to Jewish immigrant parents from Bohemia, who raised him in a secular home.

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