53 Facts About Mahmoud Abbas

1. Mahmoud Abbas met with President Donald Trump at the White House on the 3 May 2017.

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2. Mahmoud Abbas met President Bush in the White House in May 2005 where Bush pledged $50 million in aid to the Palestinian Authority.

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3. Mahmoud Abbas was part of the group which traveled with Arafat to the US to sign the Oslo Accords and in 1995 signed the Interim Peace Agreement with Israel.

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4. Mahmoud Abbas was a founding member of the Palestinian National Liberation Movement known as Fatah.

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5. Mahmoud Abbas laid floor tiles and taught elementary school before earning a law degree.

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6. Mahmoud Abbas was born on March 26, 1935, in Zefat, Palestine.

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7. Mahmoud Abbas faced grave challenges as the elected president of the Palestinian Authority where he would have complete control over the Palestinian Authority that he did not have as Prime Minister.

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8. On November 25, 2004, Fatah endorsed Mahmoud Abbas, virtually assuring his election.

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9. Mahmoud Abbas lobbied the Palestinian Authority parliament to grant him more authority to negotiate on their behalf and to improve the delivery of services within the territories.

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10. On March 19, 2003, Mahmoud Abbas was named prime minister of the Palestinian Authority.

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11. Mahmoud Abbas always believed that Palestinians could not overcome Israeli opposition through military means, simply because of the vast differences in military power.

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12. Mahmoud Abbas has publicly distanced himself from the negative interpretations of his work.

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13. Mahmoud Abbas suspended them for two months in 2008 to protest Israel's attacks on Gaza.

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14. Mahmoud Abbas responded by dismissing Prime Minister Ismail Haniyah of Hamas, forming a new cabinet without Hamas, and solidifying his government's control over the West Bank.

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15. Mahmoud Abbas was opposed to the uprising, viewing it as extremely damaging to attempts to establish an independent Palestinian country.

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16. In 1993, Mahmoud Abbas negotiated secretly with Israeli foreign minister Shimon Peres in Norway to reach a peace agreement.

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17. Mahmoud Abbas spent the 1980s as a close adviser to Arafat and became known as a moderate voice within the PLO.

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18. Mahmoud Abbas earned a bachelor's degree in law from the University of Damascus in Syria in the early 1950s.

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19. In 2009 Mahmoud Abbas indicated he would not seek a second term, but the PLO voted to extend his PA presidency indefinitely when it and Hamas could not agree on an election date.

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20. Mahmoud Abbas once had surgery in the United States for prostate cancer.

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21. Mahmoud Abbas quit as prime minister after four months of struggles with Arafat over control of Palestinian security forces.

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22. Mahmoud Abbas co-founded Fatah with Arafat in the 1950s while in exile in Qatar, where he was a personnel director in the civil service.

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23. The United States and Great Britain support Mahmoud Abbas, seen as a moderate, instead of Hamas, which has refused to recognize Israel.

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24. On June 21, 2005, Sharon and Mahmoud Abbas met again for renewed summit talks, but reached a virtual stalemate over the future of the region.

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25. Mahmoud Abbas became known as a peacemaker, preferring to distance himself from PLO military actions.

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26. Mahmoud Abbas worked behind the scenes as a security adviser and a fund-raiser.

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27. Mahmoud Abbas began his life during this historic and turbulent period.

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28. Mahmoud Abbas participated in direct peace talks with Israel in 2010.

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29. Mahmoud Abbas was forced to confront deep divisions within the Palestinian Authority in 2006 after candidates backed by Hamas, a militant Islamic party, won a majority of seats in legislative elections.

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30. Mahmoud Abbas remains the primary decision-maker and interlocutor with the international community.

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31. Mahmoud Abbas said the Palestinians will not accept a "biased" US as the sole mediator in the peace process.

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32. Mahmoud Abbas has rejected the US peace plan being formulated by the Trump administration before it has even been unveiled.

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33. Mahmoud Abbas visited Hiroshima, the first such visit by a Palestinian leader, and spoke about the suffering of Hiroshima, which he compared to the suffering of the Palestinians.

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34. In February 2010, Mahmoud Abbas visited Japan for the third time as Palestinian President.

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35. On 14 June 2007, Mahmoud Abbas dissolved the Hamas-led unity government of Haniyeh, declared a state of emergency, and appointed Salam Fayyad in his place.

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36. On 16 December 2006, Mahmoud Abbas called for new legislative elections, to bring an end to the parliamentary stalemate between Fatah and Hamas in forming a national coalition government.

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37. Mahmoud Abbas warned Hamas on 8 October 2006, that he would call new legislative elections if it did not accept a coalition government.

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38. On 25 May, Mahmoud Abbas gave Hamas a ten-day deadline to accept the 1967 ceasefire lines.

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39. On 20 May 2008, Mahmoud Abbas stated he would resign from his office if the current round of peace talks had not yielded an agreement in principle "within six months".

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40. Mahmoud Abbas made the statement shortly after three Palestinian teenage boys were shot dead by Israeli troops in the southern Gaza town of Rafah.

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41. On 8 February 2005, Mahmoud Abbas met with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon at the Sharm el-Sheikh Summit to end the Second Intifada, and they both reaffirmed their commitment to the Roadmap for peace process.

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42. Mahmoud Abbas called for Palestinian groups to end the use of arms against Israelis.

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43. Mahmoud Abbas announced his resignation as leader of the PLO on 22 August 2015.

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44. Mahmoud Abbas resigned as leader of the PLO on 22 August 2015.

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45. Mahmoud Abbas came into conflict with Palestinian militant groups, notably the Palestinian Islamic Jihad Movement and Hamas because his pragmatic policies were opposed to their hard-line approach.

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46. Mahmoud Abbas hinted he would resign if not given more control over the administration.

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47. Mahmoud Abbas has performed diplomatic duties, presenting a moderating contrast to the PLO's "revolutionary"policies.

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48. Mahmoud Abbas has eight grandchildren, six of whom are part of the Seeds of Peace initiative bringing them in touch with young Israelis.

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49. Mahmoud Abbas is married to Amina Abbas and they have had three sons.

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50. Mahmoud Abbas was born in 15 November 1935 in Safed, in the Galilee region of Mandatory Palestine.

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51. Mahmoud Abbas served as the first Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority from March to September 2003.

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52. Mahmoud Abbas was chosen as the President of the State of Palestine by the Palestine Liberation Organization's Central Council on 23 November 2008, a position he had held unofficially since 8 May 2005.

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53. Mahmoud Abbas is a member of the Fatah party and was elected Chairman of Fatah in 2009.

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