Manmohan Singh is an Indian politician, economist, academician and bureaucrat who served as the 13th Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014.
59 Facts About Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh is the third longest-serving prime minister after Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi.
Manmohan Singh was the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.
Manmohan Singh subsequently began his bureaucratic career when Lalit Narayan Mishra hired him as an advisor in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
The 2009 general election saw the UPA return with an increased mandate, with Manmohan Singh retaining the office of Prime Minister.
Manmohan Singh was never a member of the Lok Sabha but has served as a member of the Rajya Sabha, representing the state of Assam from 1991 to 2019 and Rajasthan since 2019.
Manmohan Singh was born to Gurmukh Manmohan Singh and Amrit Kaur on 26 September 1932, in Gah, Punjab, British India, into a Sikh family.
Manmohan Singh lost his mother when he was very young and was raised by his paternal grandmother, to whom he was very close.
Manmohan Singh attended Panjab University, then in Hoshiarpur, Punjab, studying Economics and got his bachelor's and master's degrees in 1952 and 1954, respectively, standing first throughout his academic career.
Manmohan Singh completed his Economics Tripos at University of Cambridge in 1957.
Manmohan Singh questioned me a great deal and made me think the unthinkable.
Manmohan Singh propounded the left wing interpretation of Keynes, maintaining that the state has to play more of a role if you really want to combine development with social equity.
Manmohan Singh was a senior lecturer of economics at Panjab University from 1957 to 1959.
From 1969 to 1971, Manmohan Singh was a professor of international trade at the Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi.
In 1972, Manmohan Singh was chief economic adviser in the Ministry of Finance, and in 1976 he was secretary in the Finance Ministry.
Manmohan Singh went on to become the deputy chairman of the Planning Commission from 1985 to 1987.
Manmohan Singh returned to India from Geneva in November 1990 and held the post as the advisor to Prime Minister of India on economic affairs during the tenure of Chandra Shekar.
Upinder Manmohan Singh is a professor of history at Ashoka University.
Manmohan Singh has written six books, including Ancient Delhi and A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India.
Daman Manmohan Singh is a graduate of St Stephen's College, Delhi and Institute of Rural Management, Anand, Gujarat, and author of The Last Frontier: People and Forests in Mizoram and a novel Nine by Nine, Amrit Manmohan Singh is a staff attorney at the American Civil Liberties Union.
Manmohan Singh has undergone multiple cardiac bypass surgeries, the most recent of which took place in January 2009.
Manmohan Singh eventually tracked me down the next morning, rather angry, and demanded that I get dressed up and come to Rashtrapati Bhavan for the swearing in.
Manmohan Singh explained to the PM and the party that India is facing an unprecedented crisis.
Subsequently, Manmohan Singh, who had thus far been one of the most influential architects of India's socialist economy, eliminated the permit raj, reduced state control of the economy, and reduced import taxes.
Rao and Manmohan Singh thus implemented policies to open up the economy and change India's socialist economy to a more capitalistic one, in the process dismantling the Licence Raj, a system that inhibited the prosperity of private businesses.
Manmohan Singh was first elected to the upper house of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha, in 1991 by the legislature of the state of Assam, and was re-elected in 1995,2001,2007 and 2013.
From 1998 to 2004, while the Bharatiya Janata Party was in power, Manmohan Singh was the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha.
Manmohan Singh liberalised the Indian economy, allowing it to speed up development dramatically.
Manmohan Singh's ministry enacted a National Employment Guarantee Act in 2005.
Manmohan Singh's government continued the Golden Quadrilateral and the highway modernisation program that was initiated by Vajpayee's government.
Manmohan Singh worked on reforming the banking and financial sectors, as well as public sector companies.
In 2005, Manmohan Singh's government introduced the value added tax, replacing sales tax.
On 2 July 2009, Manmohan Singh ministry introduced The Right to Education Act act.
Manmohan Singh's government strengthened anti-terror laws with amendments to Unlawful Activities Act.
Manmohan Singh's administration initiated a massive reconstruction effort in Kashmir to stabilise the region but after some period of success, insurgent infiltration and terrorism in Kashmir has increased since 2009.
However, the Manmohan Singh administration was successful in reducing terrorism in Northeast India.
Manmohan Singh continued the peace process with Pakistan initiated by his predecessor, Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
In November 2006, Chinese President Hu Jintao visited India which was followed by Manmohan Singh's visit to Beijing in January 2008.
Manmohan Singh paid an official visit to China from 22 to 24 October 2013.
Under the leadership of Manmohan Singh, India emerged as one of the single largest aid donors to Afghanistan.
Manmohan Singh's government worked towards stronger ties with the United States.
Manmohan Singh visited the United States in July 2005 initiating negotiations over the Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement.
Manmohan Singh had the first official state visit to the White House during the administration of US President Barack Obama.
Manmohan Singh carried forward the momentum which was established after the "Brasilia Declaration" in 2003 and the IBSA Dialogue Forum was formed.
Manmohan Singh's government has been especially keen on expanding ties with Israel.
Strong showing in Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh helped the United Progressive Alliance form the new government under the incumbent Manmohan Singh, who became the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru in 1962 to win re-election after completing a full five-year term.
On 22 May 2009, Manmohan Singh was sworn in as the Prime Minister during a ceremony held at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Manmohan Singh declined to appear before a Joint Parliamentary Committee in April 2013 when called upon by one of the members of JPC Yashwant Sinha for his alleged involvement in the 2G case.
Manmohan Singh did not contest the 2014 general election for the 16th Lok Sabha as the prime ministeral candidate.
Manmohan Singh resigned his post as prime minister, after the Bharatiya Janata Party led National Democratic Alliance won the 2014 Lok Sabha election.
Manmohan Singh served as the acting prime minister till 25 May 2014, when Narendra Modi was sworn in as the new prime minister.
In 2016 it was announced that Manmohan Singh was to take up a position at Panjab University as the Jawaharlal Nehru Chair, which he eventually never did.
Khushwant Manmohan Singh lauded Manmohan Singh as the best prime minister India has had, even rating him higher than Jawaharlal Nehru.
Manmohan Singh was ranked 18 on the 2010 Forbes list of the World's Most Powerful People.
Forbes magazine described Manmohan Singh as being "universally praised as India's best prime minister since Nehru".
Political opponents, including BJP co-founder L K Advani, have claimed that Singh is a "weak" prime minister.
Manmohan Singh has come in for severe criticism for remaining silent on the matter.
Manmohan Singh was criticised for allowing allocation of S-band spectrum without any bidding to ISRO by an agreement.
Manmohan Singh has received honorary doctorates from University of Bologna, University of Jammu and Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee.