30 Facts About Mariupol


Mariupol is a city on the north coast of the Sea of Azov at the mouth of the Kalmius river, in the Pryazovia region of Ukraine.

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Mariupol was founded on the site of a former Cossack encampment known as Kalmius, and granted city rights in 1778.

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Mariupol was founded on the site of a former Cossack encampment known as Kalmius, and granted city rights in 1778.

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The nearest district to modern Mariupol was the Kalmius District, but its border did not extend to the mouth of the Kalmius River, although this area had been part of its migratory territory.

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In 1775, Zaporizhzhia was incorporated into the New Russian Governorate, and part of the land claimed behind the Dnieper fortified line including modern Mariupol was incorporated in the newly re-established Azov Governorate.

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Mariupol remained a local trading centre until 1898, when the Belgian subsidiary SA Providence Russe opened a steelworks in Sartana, a village near Mariupol .

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Mariupol incurred heavy losses and by 1902 was bankrupt, owing 6 million francs to the Providence company and needing to be re-financed by the Banque de l'Union Parisienne.

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Execution of the Jews of Mariupol was carried out by Sonderkommando 10A, which was part of Einsatzgruppe D The leader was Obersturmbannfuhrer Heinz Seetzen 5.

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Mariupol Memorial to the Murdered Jews called "Menorah memorial" is a cultural property of a historical place The work consists of a seven-pointed menorah, a Star of David and two commemorative steles with inscriptions:.

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Mariupol was liberated by the Soviet Red Army on 10 September 1943.

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In 1948, Mariupol was renamed "Zhdanov", after Soviet politician Andrei Zhdanov, who had been born there in 1896.

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The city was eventually recaptured by government forces, and, in June 2015, Mariupol was proclaimed the temporary administrative centre of Donetsk Oblast until the city of Donetsk could be recaptured.

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Rocket attack on Mariupol was launched on 24 January 2015 by the Donetsk People's Republic.

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Mariupol was awarded the title of Hero City of Ukraine on 6 March 2022, by Decree of the President of Ukraine.

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Russian forces in Mariupol have been accused of human rights violations and war crimes.

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On 21 April 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that the city of Mariupol was under Russian control, while the Azovstal plant remained under the control of Ukrainian forces.

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Mariupol is located in the south of the Donetsk Oblast, on the coast of Sea of Azov and at the mouth of Kalmius River.

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Mariupol has a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters.

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Mariupol has historically led Ukraine in the volume of emissions of harmful substances by industrial enterprises.

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Mariupol is home to major steel mills and chemical plants; there is an important seaport and a railroad junction.

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From 2017 Mariupol has hosted the MRPL City Festival, an annual music festival, held every August on Pishchanka beach.

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Mariupol has monuments to Vladimir Vysotsky, and in honour of the liberation of Donbass, the metallurgists, and others.

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Mariupol is known for its many memorials, statues and sculptures, including the bust of Mariupol-born painter Arkhip Kuindzhi, a statue of Taras Shevchenko, founder of the Ukrainian literary language in the second half of the 19th century, as well as Pushkin, representing the Russian language.

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Mariupol is the second most populous city in Donetsk Oblast after Donetsk, and is amongst the ten most populous cities in Ukraine.

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Old Mariupol is an area defined by the coast of the Sea of Azov to the south, the Kalmius River to the east, to the north by Shevchenko Boulevard, and to the west by Metalurhiv Avenue.

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Central area of Mariupol is made up almost entirely of administrative and commercial buildings, including a city council building, a post office, the Lukov cinema, Mariupol State University of Humanities, Priazov State Technical University, the Korolenko central city library, and many large stores.

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Mariupol has been almost completely destroyed during the ongoing Russian Invasion of Ukraine.

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Mariupol has transportation including bus transportation, trolleybuses, trams, and fixed-route taxis.

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Mariupol is the hometown of the nationally famous swimmer Oleksandr Sydorenko who lived in the city, until his death on 20 February 2022.

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FC Mariupol is a football club, with a great sport traditions and a history of participation at the European level competitions.

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