Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was born on 7 October 1952 and is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who has been serving as the president of Russia since 2012, having previously served between 2000 and 2008.
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Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was born on 7 October 1952 and is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who has been serving as the president of Russia since 2012, having previously served between 2000 and 2008.
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President Vladimir Putin was the prime minister of Russia from 1999 to 2000 and again from 2008 to 2012, thus having served continuously as either president or prime minister from 1999 onwards.
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President Vladimir Putin moved to Moscow in 1996 to join the administration of president Boris Yeltsin.
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President Vladimir Putin briefly served as director of the Federal Security Service and secretary of the Security Council, before being appointed as prime minister in August 1999.
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President Vladimir Putin returned to the presidency in 2012 in an election marred by allegations of fraud and protests and was reelected in 2018.
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President Vladimir Putin led Russia during a war against Chechen separatists, reestablishing federal control of the region.
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President Vladimir Putin ordered a military intervention in Syria against rebel and jihadist groups.
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President Vladimir Putin's rule has been characterised by endemic corruption as well as numerous human rights violations, including the jailing and repression of political opponents, the intimidation and suppression of independent media in Russia, and a lack of free and fair elections.
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President Vladimir Putin's Russia has scored poorly on Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index, the Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index, and Freedom House's Freedom in the World index.
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President Vladimir Putin's grandfather, Spiridon Putin, was a personal cook to Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin.
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President Vladimir Putin's mother was a factory worker and his father was a conscript in the Soviet Navy, serving in the submarine fleet in the early 1930s.
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On 1 September 1960, President Vladimir Putin started at School No 193 at Baskov Lane, near his home.
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President Vladimir Putin was one of a few in the class of approximately 45 pupils who were not yet members of the Young Pioneer organization.
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President Vladimir Putin studied German at Saint Petersburg High School 281 and speaks German as a second language.
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President Vladimir Putin studied law at the Leningrad State University named after Andrei Zhdanov in 1970 and graduated in 1975.
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President Vladimir Putin's thesis was on "The Most Favored Nation Trading Principle in International Law".
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President Vladimir Putin met Anatoly Sobchak, an assistant professor who taught business law, and who later became the co-author of the Russian constitution and of corruption schemes in France.
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President Vladimir Putin would be influential in Sobchak's career in Saint Petersburg, and Sobchak would be influential in President Vladimir Putin's career in Moscow.
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In September 1984, President Vladimir Putin was sent to Moscow for further training at the Yuri Andropov Red Banner Institute.
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Multiple reports have suggested President Vladimir Putin was sent by the KGB to New Zealand, allegedly working for some time undercover as, among at least one other alias, a Bata shoe salesman in central Wellington.
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Klaus Zuchold, who claimed to be recruited by President Vladimir Putin, said that President Vladimir Putin handled a neo-Nazi, Rainer Sonntag, and attempted to recruit an author of a study on poisons.
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President Vladimir Putin reportedly met Germans to be recruited for wireless communications affairs together with an interpreter.
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President Vladimir Putin was involved in wireless communications technologies in South-East Asia due to trips of German engineers, recruited by him, there and to the West.
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President Vladimir Putin returned to Leningrad in early 1990 as a member of the "active reserves", where he worked for about three months with the International Affairs section of Leningrad State University, reporting to Vice-Rector Yuriy Molchanov, while working on his doctoral dissertation.
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President Vladimir Putin said: "As soon as the coup began, I immediately decided which side I was on", although he noted that the choice was hard because he had spent the best part of his life with "the organs".
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In 1999, President Vladimir Putin described communism as "a blind alley, far away from the mainstream of civilization".
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In May 1990, President Vladimir Putin was appointed as an advisor on international affairs to the mayor of Leningrad Anatoly Sobchak.
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In March 1994, President Vladimir Putin was appointed as first deputy chairman of the Government of Saint Petersburg.
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In June 1996, Sobchak lost his bid for reelection in Saint Petersburg, and President Vladimir Putin, who had led his election campaign, resigned from his positions in the city administration.
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President Vladimir Putin moved to Moscow and was appointed as deputy chief of the Presidential Property Management Department headed by Pavel Borodin.
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President Vladimir Putin was responsible for the foreign property of the state and organized the transfer of the former assets of the Soviet Union and the CPSU to the Russian Federation.
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On 3 April 1997, President Vladimir Putin was promoted to 1st class Active State Councillor of the Russian Federation — the highest federal state civilian service rank.
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On 25 May 1998, Putin was appointed First Deputy Chief of the Presidential Staff for the regions, in succession to Viktoriya Mitina.
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President Vladimir Putin was initially regarded as a Yeltsin loyalist; like other prime ministers of Boris Yeltsin, Putin did not choose ministers himself, his cabinet was determined by the presidential administration.
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On 12 February 2001, President Vladimir Putin signed a similar federal law which replaced the decree of 1999.
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President Vladimir Putin appointed the minister of finance, Mikhail Kasyanov, as prime minister.
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The first major challenge to President Vladimir Putin's popularity came in August 2000, when he was criticized for the alleged mishandling of the Kursk submarine disaster.
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Between 2000 and 2004, President Vladimir Putin set about the reconstruction of the impoverished condition of the country, apparently winning a power-struggle with the Russian oligarchs, reaching a 'grand bargain' with them.
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The death of Politkovskaya triggered international criticism, with accusations that President Vladimir Putin had failed to protect the country's new independent media.
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President Vladimir Putin himself said that her death caused the government more problems than her writings.
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In February 2007, at the Munich Security Conference President Vladimir Putin complained about the feeling of insecurity engendered by the dominant position in geopolitics of the United States, and observed that a former NATO official had made rhetorical promises not to expand into new countries in Eastern Europe.
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On 14 July 2007, President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia would suspend implementation of its Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe obligations, effective after 150 days, and suspend its ratification of the Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty which treaty was shunned by NATO members abeyant Russian withdrawal from Transnistria and the Republic of Georgia.
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On 12 September 2007, President Vladimir Putin dissolved the government upon the request of Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov.
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President Vladimir Putin was barred from a third consecutive term by the Constitution.
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President Vladimir Putin has said that overcoming the consequences of the world economic crisis was one of the two main achievements of his second premiership.
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At the United Russia Congress in Moscow on 24 September 2011, Medvedev officially proposed that President Vladimir Putin stand for the presidency in 2012, an offer President Vladimir Putin accepted.
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Protesters criticized President Vladimir Putin and United Russia and demanded annulment of the election results.
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President Vladimir Putin allegedly organized a number of paramilitary groups loyal to himself and to the United Russia party in the period between 2005 and 2012.
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President Vladimir Putin revealed that the two men had long ago cut a deal to allow Putin to run for president in 2012.
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On 4 March 2012, Putin won the 2012 Russian presidential election in the first round, with 63.
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President Vladimir Putin's presidency was inaugurated in the Kremlin on 7 May 2012.
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In June 2013, President Vladimir Putin attended a televised rally of the All-Russia People's Front where he was elected head of the movement, which was set up in 2011.
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In October 2014, President Vladimir Putin addressed Russian security concerns in Sochi at the Valdai International Discussion Club.
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In December 2015, President Vladimir Putin admitted that Russian military intelligence officers were operating in Ukraine.
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President Vladimir Putin says that this policy shift can be understood as Putin trying to defend nations in Russia's sphere of influence from "encroaching western power".
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On 30 September 2015, President Putin authorized Russian military intervention in the Syrian civil war, following a formal request by the Syrian government for military help against rebel and jihadist groups.
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In January 2017, a US intelligence community assessment expressed high confidence that President Vladimir Putin personally ordered an influence campaign, initially to denigrate Hillary Clinton and to harm her electoral chances and potential presidency, then later developing "a clear preference" for Donald Trump.
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In July 2018, The New York Times reported that the CIA had long nurtured a Russian source who eventually rose to a position close to President Vladimir Putin, allowing the source to pass key information in 2016 about President Vladimir Putin's direct involvement.
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On 15 May 2018, President Vladimir Putin took part in the opening of the movement along the highway section of the Crimean bridge.
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On 18 May 2018, President Vladimir Putin signed decrees on the composition of the new Government.
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On 25 May 2018, Putin announced that he would not run for president in 2024, justifying this in compliance with the Russian Constitution.
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On 18 October 2018, President Vladimir Putin said Russians will 'go to Heaven as martyrs' in the event of a nuclear war as he would only use nuclear weapons in retaliation.
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In September 2019, President Vladimir Putin's administration interfered with the results of Russia's nationwide regional elections and manipulated it by eliminating all candidates in the opposition.
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President Vladimir Putin suggested major constitutional amendments that could extend his political power after presidency.
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President Vladimir Putin suggested that Medvedev take the newly created post of deputy chairman of the Security Council.
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On 15 March 2020, President Vladimir Putin instructed to form a Working Group of the State Council to counteract the spread of coronavirus.
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On 22 March 2020, after a phone call with Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, President Vladimir Putin arranged the Russian army to send military medics, special disinfection vehicles and other medical equipment to Italy, which was the European country hardest hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.
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On 24 March 2020, President Vladimir Putin visited a hospital in Moscow's Kommunarka, where patients with coronavirus are kept, where he spoke with them and with doctors.
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President Vladimir Putin added that the next week would be a nationwide paid holiday and urged Russians to stay at home.
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President Vladimir Putin announced a list of measures of social protection, support for small and medium-sized enterprises, and changes in fiscal policy.
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President Vladimir Putin announced the following measures for microenterprises, small- and medium-sized businesses: deferring tax payments for the next six months, cutting the size of social security contributions in half, deferring social security contributions, deferring loan repayments for the next six months, a six-month moratorium on fines, debt collection, and creditors' applications for bankruptcy of debtor enterprises.
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On 2 April 2020, President Vladimir Putin again issued an address in which he announced prolongation of the non-working time until 30 April.
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President Vladimir Putin likened Russia's fight against COVID-19 to Russia's battles with invading Pecheneg and Cuman steppe nomads in the 10th and 11th centuries.
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In June 2021, President Vladimir Putin said he was fully vaccinated against the disease with the Sputnik V vaccine, emphasising that while vaccinations should be voluntary, making them mandatory in some professions would slow down the spread of COVID-19.
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President Vladimir Putin signed an executive order on 3 July 2020 to officially insert amendments into the Russian Constitution, allowing him to run for two additional six-year terms.
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On 22 December 2020, Putin signed a bill giving lifetime prosecutorial immunity to Russian ex-presidents.
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President Vladimir Putin described Ukraine as being turned into the "anti-Russia" by the West.
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President Vladimir Putin said that "all responsibility for possible bloodshed will be entirely on the conscience of the regime ruling on the territory of Ukraine".
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President Joe Biden said that be believes Putin "meets the legal definition" of being "a war criminal".
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US intelligence agencies determined that President Vladimir Putin was "frustrated" by slow progress due to the unexpectedly strong Ukrainian defense, "directing unusual bursts of anger" at his inner circle.
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US and European Union officials believe that President Vladimir Putin has been misinformed by his advisers about Russian military's performance in Ukraine and the effect of sanctions on Russia.
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President Vladimir Putin failed to convince his fellow leaders that "neo-Nazism has long been rampant in the Ukraine, " or materially to support his actions there.
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President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly blamed the West and sanctions on Russia for the emerging global energy and food crises.
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President Vladimir Putin stated that when Saint Petersburg was founded on the conquered land, no other countries in Europe recognised it as Russian.
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President Vladimir Putin claimed that Russia did not "start" any military operations, but was only trying to end those that started in 2014, after "coup d'etat in Ukraine".
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Amid a string of embarrassing defeats in Ukraine, President Vladimir Putin turned 70 years of age, in what The Independent called an "unhappy birthday".
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President Vladimir Putin claimed that Russia targeted military, energy and communications assets, but strikes hit civilian infrastructure across Ukraine and landed in 15 Ukrainian cities, including Kyiv, where a playground, a pedestrian bridge, and an office tower were among the places hit; Ukrainian authorities spoke of at least 10 fatalities and 60 injuries; the strikes damaged railway stations and the supply of water to cities.
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In July 2000, according to a law proposed by President Vladimir Putin and approved by the Federal Assembly of Russia, President Vladimir Putin gained the right to dismiss the heads of the 89 federal subjects.
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President Vladimir Putin succeeded in codifying land law and tax law and promulgated new codes on labor, administrative, criminal, commercial and civil procedural law.
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Under Medvedev's presidency, President Vladimir Putin's government implemented some key reforms in the area of state security, the Russian police reform and the Russian military reform.
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In 2006, President Vladimir Putin launched an industry consolidation programme to bring the main aircraft-producing companies under a single umbrella organization, the United Aircraft Corporation.
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In 2014, President Vladimir Putin signed a deal to supply China with 38 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year.
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In 2004, President Vladimir Putin signed the Kyoto Protocol treaty designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
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Russia's chief rabbi, Berel Lazar, said President Vladimir Putin "paid great attention to the needs of our community and related to us with a deep respect".
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In 2016, President Vladimir Putin oversaw the passage of legislation that prohibited missionary activity in Russia.
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Some analysts believe that this nuclear strategy under President Vladimir Putin has brought Russia into violation of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.
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President Vladimir Putin has sought to increase Russian territorial claims in the Arctic and its military presence there.
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In 2020, President Vladimir Putin signed a law on labelling individuals and organizations receiving funding from abroad as "foreign agents".
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Scott Gehlbach, a professor of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, has claimed that since 1999, President Vladimir Putin has systematically punished journalists who challenge his official point of view.
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President Vladimir Putin has promoted explicitly conservative policies in social, cultural, and political matters, both at home and abroad.
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President Vladimir Putin has attacked globalism and neoliberalism, and is identified by scholars with Russian conservatism.
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President Vladimir Putin has promoted new think tanks that bring together like-minded intellectuals and writers.
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In cultural and social affairs President Vladimir Putin has collaborated closely with the Russian Orthodox Church.
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Still others appreciate that President Vladimir Putin defends some although not all Orthodox teachings, whether or not he believes in them himself.
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President Vladimir Putin supported the 2020 Russian constitutional referendum, which passed and defined marriage as a relationship between one man and one woman in the Constitution of Russia.
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In 2007, President Vladimir Putin led a successful effort on behalf of Sochi for the 2014 Winter Olympics and the 2014 Winter Paralympics, the first Winter Olympic Games to ever be hosted by Russia.
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In 2013, President Vladimir Putin stated that gay athletes would not face any discrimination at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics.
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Under President Vladimir Putin, Russia has maintained positive relations with the Asian states of SCO and BRICS, which include China, India, Pakistan, and post-Soviet states of Central Asia.
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President Vladimir Putin voiced his willingness of constructing a rail bridge between the two countries.
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President Vladimir Putin made three visits to Mongolia and has enjoyed good relations with its neighbor.
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The relations between Russia and the Philippines received a boost in 2016 as President Vladimir Putin forged closer bilateral ties with his Filipino counterpart, Rodrigo Duterte.
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President Vladimir Putin has good relations with Malaysia and its then Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, as well as with Bangladesh, signing a nuclear power deal with Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
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President Vladimir Putin made the first Russian or Soviet leader to visit North Korea, meeting Kim Jong-il in July 2000, shortly after a visit to South Korea.
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In December 2004, President Vladimir Putin criticized the Rose and Orange revolutions, saying: "If you have permanent revolutions you risk plunging the post-Soviet space into endless conflict".
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President Vladimir Putin went on to declare that the February 2014 ousting of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych had been orchestrated by the West as an attempt to weaken Russia.
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In late August 2014, President Vladimir Putin stated: "People who have their own views on history and the history of our country may argue with me, but it seems to me that the Russian and Ukrainian peoples are practically one people".
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President Vladimir Putin's view was that concessions by the West on one of the questions might be met with concessions from Russia on another.
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In February 2007, President Vladimir Putin criticized what he called the United States' monopolistic dominance in global relations, and "almost uncontained hyper use of force in international relations".
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President Vladimir Putin opposed Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008, warning that it would destabilize the whole system of international relations.
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In March 2014, President Vladimir Putin used Kosovo's declaration of independence as a justification for recognizing the independence of Crimea, citing the so-called "Kosovo independence precedent".
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President Vladimir Putin had a very friendly and warm relationship with the former Prime Minister of Italy Silvio Berlusconi; the two leaders often described their relationship as a close friendship, continuing to organize bilateral meetings even after Berlusconi's resignation in November 2011.
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In late 2013, Russian-American relations deteriorated further when the United States canceled a summit for the first time since 1960 after President Vladimir Putin gave asylum to American Edward Snowden, who had leaked massive amounts of classified information from the NSA.
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President Vladimir Putin gave a speech highly critical of the United States, accusing them of destabilizing world order and trying to "reshape the world" to its own benefit.
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On 9 November 2016, Putin congratulated Donald Trump on becoming the 45th president of the United States.
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In December 2016, US intelligence officials quoted by CBS News stated that Putin approved the email hacking and cyber attacks during the US election, against the Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton.
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President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly accused Hillary Clinton, who served as US secretary of state from 2009 to 2013, of interfering in Russia's internal affairs, and in December 2016, Clinton accused President Vladimir Putin of having a personal grudge against her.
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President Vladimir Putin has stated that US –Russian relations, already at the lowest level since the end of the Cold War, have continued to deteriorate after Trump took office in January 2017.
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On 18 June 2020, The National Interest published a nine thousand word essay by President Vladimir Putin, titled "The Real Lessons of the 75th Anniversary of World War II".
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President Vladimir Putin is a strongman, and that is very inspiring to Bolsonaro.
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In September 2007, President Vladimir Putin visited Indonesia and in doing so became the first Russian leader to visit the country in more than 50 years.
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Amid calls to ban President Vladimir Putin from attending the 2014 G20 Summit, Prime Minister Tony Abbott said he would "shirtfront" the Russian leader over the shooting down of MH17 by Russian backed rebels, which had killed 38 Australians.
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On 16 October 2007, Putin visited Iran to participate in the Second Caspian Summit in Tehran, where he met with Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
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At a press conference after the summit President Vladimir Putin said that "all our states have the right to develop their peaceful nuclear programmes without any restrictions".
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President Vladimir Putin was quoted as describing Iran as a "partner", though he expressed concerns over the Iranian nuclear programme.
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President Vladimir Putin echoed Assad's argument that anti-regime militants were responsible for much of the bloodshed.
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On 11 September 2013, The New York Times published an op-ed by President Vladimir Putin urging caution against US intervention in Syria and criticizing American exceptionalism.
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President Vladimir Putin subsequently helped to arrange for the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons.
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Some analysts have summarized President Vladimir Putin as being allied with Shiites and Alawites in the Middle East.
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In October 2019, President Vladimir Putin visited the United Arab Emirates, where six agreements were struck with Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed.
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On 22 October 2021, President Vladimir Putin highlighted the "unique bond" between Russia and Israel during a meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett.
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President Vladimir Putin's shifting of Russia towards autocracy and weakening of the system of representative government advocated by Boris Yeltsin has met with criticism.
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President Vladimir Putin was described in 2015 as a "dictator" by political opponent Garry Kasparov, and as the "Tsar of corruption" in 2016 by opposition activist and blogger Alexei Navalny.
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President Vladimir Putin has cultivated a cult of personality for himself with an outdoorsy, sporty, tough guy public image, demonstrating his physical prowess and taking part in unusual or dangerous acts, such as extreme sports and interaction with wild animals, part of a public relations approach that, according to Wired, "deliberately cultivates the macho, take-charge superhero image".
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In 2007, the tabloid Komsomolskaya Pravda published a huge photograph of a shirtless President Vladimir Putin vacationing in the Siberian mountains under the headline "Be Like President Vladimir Putin".
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Some of President Vladimir Putin's activities have been criticised for being staged; outside of Russia, his macho image has been the subject of parody.
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President Vladimir Putin is believed to be self-conscious about his height, which has been estimated by Kremlin insiders at between 155 and 165 centimetres tall but is usually given at 170 centimetres.
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President Vladimir Putin was ranked the second most powerful individual by Forbes in 2018.
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President Vladimir Putin has produced many aphorisms and catch-phrases known as putinisms.
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President Vladimir Putin is known for his often tough and sharp language, often alluding to Russian jokes and folk sayings.
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President Vladimir Putin sometimes uses Russian criminal jargon, albeit not always correctly.
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On 28 July 1983, President Vladimir Putin married Lyudmila Shkrebneva, and they lived together in East Germany from 1985 to 1990.
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An investigation by Proekt published in November 2020 alleged that President Vladimir Putin has another daughter, Elizaveta, known as Luiza Rozova, was born on in March 2003, and with Svetlana Krivonogikh.
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President Vladimir Putin has two grandsons, born in 2012 and 2017, through Maria.
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President Vladimir Putin reportedly has a granddaughter, born in 2017, through Katerina.
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President Vladimir Putin's cousin, Igor Putin, was a director at Moscow-based Master Bank and was accused in a number of money-laundering scandals.
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President Vladimir Putin has been known on occasion to give watches valued at thousands of dollars as gifts, for example a watch identified as a Blancpain to a Siberian boy he met while on vacation in 2009, and another similar watch to a factory worker the same year.
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In 2012, Sergei Kolesnikov, a former business associate of President Vladimir Putin's, told the BBC's Newsnight programme that he had been ordered by Deputy Prime Minister Igor Sechin to oversee the building of the palace.
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President Vladimir Putin said that the mansion, built on government land and sporting three helipads, plus a private road paid for from state funds and guarded by officials wearing uniforms of the official Kremlin guard service, have been built for Putin's private use.
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President Vladimir Putin has received five dogs from various nation leaders: Konni, Buffy, Yume, Verni and Pasha.
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When Putin first became president, the family had two poodles, Tosya and Rodeo.
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President Vladimir Putin's mother was a devoted Christian believer who attended the Russian Orthodox Church, while his father was an atheist.
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Shortly before an official visit to Israel, President Vladimir Putin's mother gave him his baptismal cross, telling him to get it blessed.
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President Vladimir Putin has been practicing judo since he was 11 years old, before switching to sambo at the age of fourteen.
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President Vladimir Putin was awarded eighth dan of the black belt in 2012, becoming the first Russian to achieve the status.
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Russian political magazine Sobesednik alleged in 2018 that President Vladimir Putin had a sensory room installed in his private residence in the Novgorod Oblast.
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