20 Facts About Rohingya


Usage of the term Rohingya has been historically documented prior to the British Raj.

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Leider believes the Rohingya is a political movement that started in the 1950s to create "an autonomous Muslim zone" in Rakhine.

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Rohingya population is concentrated in the historical region of Arakan, an old coastal country in Southeast Asia.

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The four Rohingya MPs included Shamsul Anwarul Huq, Chit Lwin Ebrahim, Fazal Ahmed and Nur Ahmed.

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Rohingya politicians have been jailed to disbar them from contesting elections.

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Groups like Rohingya who do not belong to any of these 135 ethnicities were denied citizenship rights.

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The Rohingya-led NDPHR political party was banned and its leaders were jailed.

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The Rohingya community have been known as Arakanese Indians and Arakanese Muslims.

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Since the 1982 citizenship law, Burmese juntas and governments have strongly objected to the usage of the term of Rohingya, preferring to label the community as "bengali illegal immigrants".

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Rohingya mujahideen are still active within the remote areas of Arakan.

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Rohingya scholars have claimed that Rakhine was previously an Islamic state for a millennium, or that Muslims were king-makers of Rakhine kings for 350 years.

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Some Rohingya politicians have labelled Burmese and international historians as "Rakhine sympathizers" for rejecting the purported historical origins.

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On 9 July 2020, HRW urged Bangladeshi authorities to immediately move over 300 Rohingya refugees, including children, from the silt island of Bhasan Char to the Cox's Bazar refugee camps to let them reside with their families.

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Rohingya language is part of the Indo-Aryan sub-branch of the greater Indo-European language family and is related to the Chittagonian language spoken in the southernmost part of Bangladesh bordering Myanmar.

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Rohingya scholars have written the Rohingya language in various scripts including the Arabic, Hanifi, Urdu, Roman, and Burmese alphabets, where Hanifi is a newly developed alphabet derived from Arabic with the addition of four characters from Latin and Burmese.

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Rohingya people have been described as "one of the world's least wanted minorities" and "some of the world's most persecuted people".

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Rohingya are denied freedom of movement as well as the right to receive a higher education.

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In February 2009, many Rohingya refugees were rescued by Acehnese sailors in the Strait of Malacca, after 21 days at sea.

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On 29 March 2014, the Burmese government banned the word "Rohingya" and asked that members of the minority group be registered as "Bengalis" in the 2014 Myanmar Census, the first census to be held in three decades.

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Malaysian authorities have expressed concern that militant Rohingya groups have been raising funds by extorting money from Rohingya refugees in the country.

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