20 Facts About Sochi


Sochi hosted the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games in 2014.

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In 1923, Sochi acquired one of its most distinctive features, a railway which runs from Tuapse to Georgia within a kilometer or two of the coastline.

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Sochi was established as a fashionable resort area under Joseph Stalin, who had his favorite dacha built in the city.

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In 1961, Soviet officials decided to expand the city limits by forming a Greater Sochi which extended for 140 kilometers from the southern parts of Tuapse to Adler.

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Additionally, Sochi has served as the location for the signing of many treaties, especially those between Georgia and the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia governing authorities.

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Greater Sochi is elongated along the Black Sea coast for 145 kilometers .

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The biggest rivers in Sochi are the Mzymta, which is in fact the longest Black Sea tributary in Russia, and the Shakhe.

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Sochi is unique among larger Russian cities as having some aspects of a subtropical resort.

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Sochi has a humid subtropical climate, at the lower elevations.

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Sochi is situated on the same latitude as Nice but strong cold winds from Asia make winters less warm.

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Sochi is administratively subdivided into four city districts: Tsentralny City District, Lazarevsky City District, Khostinsky City District, and Adlersky City District.

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Sochi is an important economic centre of Krasnodar Krai and Russia.

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Sochi is one of the most popular tourism centres, as well as a prominent financial centre in Russia.

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In 2010, Sochi headed the "Rating of Russian cities by quality of life" of the Urbanika Institute, and in 2014 and 2015 it ranked as 4th and 5th city respectively; experts noted the high rate of development of the city, large-scale investments on the eve of the 2014 Winter Olympics, favorable environmental conditions and high safety of residents.

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In 2012, Sochi topped the rating of "30 best cities for business" in Russia, by Forbes.

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Today, Sochi is an all-season resort of an international level; 705 classified accommodation facilities operate on its territory, including: 66 sanatoriums, 20 boarding houses and recreation centers and 618 hotels.

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The importance of tourism for the development of Sochi is determined by the financial revenues from the industry.

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Sochi is indispensable for Russian science from a geographical and climatic point of view.

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Sochi is known for its sport facilities: a local tennis school spawned the careers of such notable players as Grand Slam champions Maria Sharapova and Yevgeny Kafelnikov .

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In June 2006, the International Olympic Committee announced that Sochi had been selected as a finalist city to host the 2014 Winter Olympics and the 2014 Winter Paralympics.

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