23 Facts About Nice


Nice is approximately 13 kilometres from the principality of Monaco and 30 kilometres from the French–Italian border.

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Prince Nicholas Alexandrovich, heir apparent to Imperial Russia, died in Nice and was a patron of the Russian Orthodox Cemetery, Nice where Princess Catherine Dolgorukova, morganatic wife of the Tsar Alexander II of Russia, is buried.

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Nice was probably founded around 350 BC by colonists from the Greek city of Phocaea in western Anatolia.

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Nice participated – directly or indirectly – in the history of Savoy until 1860.

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Giuseppe Garibaldi, born in Nice, opposed the cession to France, arguing that the ballot was rigged by the French.

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In 1900, the Tramway de Nice electrified its horse-drawn streetcars and spread its network to the entire departement from Menton to Cagnes-sur-Mer.

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From Nice many sought further shelter in the French colonies, Morocco and North and South America.

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In February 2001, European leaders met in Nice to negotiate and sign what is the Treaty of Nice, amending the institutions of the European Union.

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Coat of Arms of Nice appeared for the first time in a copy of the Regulations of Amadeus VIII, probably written around 1430.

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The Nice is symbolised by a red eagle on silver background, placed on three mountains, which can be described in French heraldic language as "d'argent a une aigle de gueule posee sur trois coupeaux".

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Natural vegetation of Nice is typical for a Mediterranean landscape, with a heavy representation of broadleaf evergreen shrubs.

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Nice has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, enjoying mild winters with moderate rainfall.

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Nice has one conference centre: the Palais des Congres Acropolis.

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Today this is the principal harbour installation of Nice – there is a small port in the Carras district.

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Nice, being the point of continental France nearest to Corsica, has ferry connections with the island developed with the arrival of NGV or high-speed craft.

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Main railway station is Nice-Ville, served both by high speed TGV trains connecting Paris and Nice in less than 6 hours and by local commuter TER services.

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Nice has international connections to Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, and Russia.

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Nice is the southern terminus of the independently run Chemins de Fer de Provence railway line which connects the city with Digne in approximatively 4 hours from the Nice CP station.

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In 2007, the new Tramway de Nice linked the northern and eastern suburbs via the city centre.

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Part of the urban area of Nice belongs to the metropolitan area of Cannes–Antibes.

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Since the 1970s, the number of inhabitants has not changed significantly; the relatively high migration to Nice is balanced by a natural negative growth of the population.

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Nice has numerous museums of all kinds: Musee Marc Chagall, Musee Matisse, Musee des Beaux-Arts, Musee international d'Art naif Anatole Jakovsky, Musee Terra-Amata, Museum of Asian Art, Musee d'art moderne et d'art contemporain, Museum of Natural History, Musee Massena, Naval Museum and Galerie des Ponchettes.

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Cuisine of Nice is especially close to those of Provence but Liguria and Piedmont and uses local ingredients but those from more remote regions, in particular from Northern Europe, because ships which came to pick up olive oil arrived full of food products, such as dried haddock.

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