21 Facts About Middle Tennessee


Middle Tennessee is one of the three Grand Divisions of the U S state of Tennessee that composes roughly the central portion of the state.

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Middle Tennessee contains the state's capital and largest city, Nashville, as well as Clarksville, the state's fifth largest city, and Murfreesboro, the state's sixth largest city and largest suburb of Nashville.

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Middle Tennessee is both the largest, in terms of land area, and the most populous of the state's three Grand Divisions.

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Geographically, Middle Tennessee is composed of the Highland Rim, which completely surrounds the Nashville Basin.

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Middle Tennessee was an extremely crucial region during the American Civil War.

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Middle Tennessee was occupied by Federal troops from 1862 through the end of the war.

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In 1790, what is Tennessee became the Southwest Territory, and the settlements in Middle Tennessee were organized into the Mero District, named after Spanish territorial governor Esteban Rodriguez Miro.

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In 1795, a survey conducted by the territorial legislature found that the majority of residents of Middle Tennessee were opposed to statehood, while the majority of residents of East Tennessee, of which there were approximately three times more, were in favor.

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Middle Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state the following year.

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In June 1861, Middle Tennessee voted in favor of Tennessee's second ordnance of secession, which resulted in Tennessee joining the Confederate States of America .

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The last major battles in Middle Tennessee occurred during the Franklin–Nashville campaign in the fall of 1864, when the Army of Tennessee under the command of General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully tried to lure Union General William Tecumseh Sherman, who was conducting the Atlanta campaign in Georgia, back into the region.

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Post-Reconstruction era in Middle Tennessee was characterized by continued White violence against African Americans, especially related to elections, and many were lynched in a cycle often related to economic tensions and settlement of finances after harvest.

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In 1897, Middle Tennessee celebrated its centennial of statehood one year late with the Middle Tennessee Centennial and International Exposition in Nashville.

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Unlike the geographic designations of regions of most U S states, the term "Middle Tennessee" has legal as well as socioeconomic and cultural meaning.

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Some northeastern counties of Middle Tennessee that supported the Union during the American Civil War, including Fentress and Pickett, are sometimes culturally considered part of East Tennessee.

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Middle Tennessee is the largest in area and most populated of the state's three Grand Divisions.

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Diversity of sectors drives Middle Tennessee's economy, including music and entertainment, automotive manufacturing, healthcare, and technology.

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Middle Tennessee is home to several automotive parts suppliers scattered throughout the region.

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Middle Tennessee is perhaps best known for its horticultural products and for being a prime breeding ground for horses.

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The Middle Tennessee Walking Horse was first bred in the region in the late 18th century and is today one of the most recognized horse breeds in the world.

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Middle Tennessee has an abundance of institutions of higher learning—most notably Vanderbilt, Belmont, Lipscomb, and Tennessee State universities in Nashville and Tennessee Tech University in Cookeville.

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