Mississauga, historically known as Toronto Township, is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
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Mississauga is not a traditional city, but is instead an amalgamation of three former villages, two townships, and a number of rural hamlets that were significant population centres, with none being clearly dominant, prior to the city's incorporation that later coalesced into a single urban area.
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Mississauga itself was established in 1968 as a town, and was reincorporated as a city in 1974, when Peel was restructured into a regional municipality.
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Name Mississauga comes from the Anishinaabe word, meaning "[Those at the] Great River-mouth".
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Artifacts show that residents of Mississauga engaged in long-distance trade, likely as part of the Hopewell tradition.
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In total Mississauga is covered by four treaties: Treaty 14, Treaty 19, Treaty 22 and Treaty 23.
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Part of northeast Mississauga, including the Airport lands and Malton were a part of Toronto Gore Township.
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Except for small villages, some gristmills and brickworks served by railway lines, most of present-day Mississauga was agricultural land, including fruit orchards, through much of the 19th and first half of the 20th century.
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For many years afterwards, the name "Mississauga" was, for Canadians, associated with a major rail disaster.
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Mississauga's climate is similar to that of Toronto and is considered to be moderate, located in plant hardiness zone 6b.
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The climate of Mississauga is officially represented by Pearson International Airport but because of its topography and large surface area conditions can differ depending on location: fog tends to be more common along the lakeshore and in the Credit River Valley at certain times of year, particularly during the spring and autumn.
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Mississauga is an aircraft development hub with Canadian headquarters of Aerospace companies such as Magellan Aerospace and Honeywell Aerospace.
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Mississauga has a vibrant arts community, promoted by the Mississauga Arts Council, which holds an annual awards ceremony, called the MARTYs, to celebrate the city's entertainers, artists, filmmakers, writers, and musicians.
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Mississauga has a significant Jewish population, with active community classes, cultural activities and holiday celebrations.
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Mississauga Library System is a municipally owned network of 18 libraries.
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Mississauga planned over 60 free events to bring more people to the city square.
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Art Gallery of Mississauga is a public, not-for-profit art gallery located in the Mississauga Civic Centre right on Celebration Square across from the Living Arts Centre and Square One Shopping Centre.
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Mississauga is home to many indoor playgrounds including Playdium, Kids Time Family Fun Centre, KidSports indoor playground, and Laser Quest Centre.
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In 2010, the City of Mississauga approved a Cycling Master Plan outlining a strategy to develop over 900 kilometres of on and off-road cycling routes in the city over the next 20 years.
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City's two main hospitals—Credit Valley Hospital and Mississauga Hospital—were amalgamated into the Trillium Health Partners hospital group in December 2011.
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The health system and the administration for students in Mississauga was the property of the Peel District School Board Health Centre and the health support for citizens in Mississauga was the property of Peel Health Centre.
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Mississauga is served by the Peel District School Board, which operates the secular Anglophone public schools, the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, which operates Catholic Anglophone public schools, the Conseil scolaire Viamonde, which operates secular Francophone schools, and the Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud, which operates Catholic Francophone schools.
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Mississauga is part of the Toronto media market and is served by media based in Toronto, with markets in the Greater Toronto Area that cover most of the news in the GTA.
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However, Mississauga has The Mississauga News, a regional newspaper that is published two days a week in print and daily online.
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