18 Facts About Modena


Modena is a city and comune on the south side of the Po Valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.

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University of Modena, founded in 1175 and expanded by Francesco II d'Este in 1686, focuses on economics, medicine and law, and is the second oldest athenaeum in Italy.

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Modena is known in culinary circles for its production of balsamic vinegar.

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Territory around Modena was inhabited by the Villanovans in the Iron Age, and later by Ligurian tribes, Etruscans, and the Gaulish Boii .

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About the end of the 9th century, Modena was restored and refortified by its bishop, Ludovicus.

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Francesco I d'Este, Duke of Modena built the citadel and began the palace, which was largely embellished by Francesco II.

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Ercole III died in exile at Treviso, having refused Napoleonic offers of compensation when Modena was made part of the Napoleonic Cispadane Republic.

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Modena's son Francis V was a just ruler and famously tended the victims of war and cholera with his own hands.

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Modena was restored, amidst wide popular acclaim, by Austrian troops.

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Modena's Duomo inspired campaigns of cathedral and abbey building in emulation through the valley of the Po.

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Teatro Comunale Modena is an opera house in Modena.

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Modena has a rich and diversified cuisine, often including meats, hams and salamis.

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Balsamic vinegar of Modena became a protected geographical indication under EU law in 2000.

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Modena contains Italy's most acclaimed restaurant, Osteria Francescana, which holds three stars in the Michelin Guide since 2013 and, as of 2018, has been named as the best restaurant in the world in The World's 50 Best Restaurants.

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Modena is, along with Turin, one of Italy's main centres of the automotive industry, with a rich history and tradition in this field.

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Modena railway station, opened in 1859, forms part of the Milan–Bologna railway, and is a terminus of two secondary railways, linking Modena with each of Verona and Sassuolo.

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The average age of Modena resident is 44 compared to the Italian average of 42.

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Modena has a strong sporting tradition, linked mainly to motor racing as the birthplace of Enzo Ferrari, founder of the eponymous motor racing team and car manufacturer based in nearby Maranello.

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