41 Facts About Moncton


Moncton is the most populous city in the Canadian province of New Brunswick.

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Moncton regained its charter in 1875 after the community's economy rebounded, mainly due to a growing railway industry.

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The strength of Moncton's economy has received national recognition and the local unemployment rate is consistently less than the national average.

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The first Acadian settlers in the Moncton area established a marshland farming community and chose to name their settlement Le Coude, an allusion to the 90° bend in the river near the site of the settlement.

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The arrival of the ICR in Moncton was a seminal event for the community.

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In 1875, Moncton reincorporated as a town, and a year later, the ICR line to Quebec opened.

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Moncton grew rapidly during the early 20th century, particularly after provincial lobbying helped the city become the eastern terminus of the massive National Transcontinental Railway project in 1912.

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The ICR shops became CNR's major locomotive repair facility for the Maritimes and Moncton became the headquarters for CNR's Maritime division.

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The CNR continued to dominate the economy of the city; railway employment in Moncton peaked at nearly 6,000 workers in the 1950s before beginning a slow decline.

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Moncton was placed on the Trans-Canada Highway network in the early 1960s after Route 2 was built along the city's northern perimeter.

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The Universite de Moncton was founded in 1963 and became an important resource in the development of Acadian culture in the area.

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The Eatons catalogue division, CNR's locomotive shops facility and CFB Moncton closed during this time, throwing thousands of citizens out of work.

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Petitcodiac river valley at Moncton is broad and relatively flat, bounded by a long ridge to the north and by the rugged Caledonia Highlands to the south.

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Moncton has a warm summer humid continental climate with uniform precipitation distribution.

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Moncton generally remains a "low rise" city, but its skyline encompasses buildings and structures with varying architectural styles from many periods.

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The numerous neighbourhood parks throughout the metro Moncton area include Bore View Park, and the downtown Victoria Park, which features a bandshell, flower gardens, fountain, and the city's cenotaph.

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Moncton became the first officially bilingual city in the country in 2002.

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Moncton has garnered national attention because of the strength of its economy.

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Moncton has federal public service employment, with regional head offices for Corrections Canada, Transport Canada, the Gulf Fisheries Centre and the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency.

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Retail sector in Moncton has become one of the most important pillars of the local economy.

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Moncton-based Atlantic Ballet Theatre tours mainly in Atlantic Canada but tours nationally and internationally on occasion.

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The Moncton Museum reopened following major renovations and an expansion to include the Transportation Discovery Centre.

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Moncton is home to the Frye Festival, an annual bilingual literary celebration held in honour of world-renowned literary critic and favourite son Northrop Frye.

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Historically there has been a longstanding presence of a Moncton-based team in the Maritime Junior A Hockey League, but the Dieppe Commandos relocated to Edmundston at the end of the 2017 season.

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Historically, Moncton was home to a professional American Hockey League franchise from 1978 to 1994.

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The Moncton Mets played baseball in the New Brunswick Senior Baseball League and won the Canadian Senior Baseball Championship in 2006.

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In 2011, the Moncton Miracles began play as one of the seven charter franchises of the professional National Basketball League of Canada.

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The Universite de Moncton has a number of active CIS university sports programs including hockey, soccer, and volleyball.

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Moncton hosted the Canadian Interuniversity Sports Men's University Hockey Championship in 2007 and 2008.

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Moncton hosted the 2010 IAAF World Junior Championships in Athletics.

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The new 10,000-seat capacity Moncton Stadium was built for this event on the Universite de Moncton campus.

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The construction of this new stadium led directly to Moncton being awarded a regular season neutral site CFL game between the Toronto Argonauts and the Edmonton Eskimos, which was held on September 26,2010.

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Moncton was one of only six Canadian cities chosen to host the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup.

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Military flight training in the Moncton area terminated at the end of World War II and the naval listening station closed in 1971.

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CFB Moncton remained open to supply the maritime military establishment until just after the end of the Cold War.

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The Moncton Hospital has approximately 381 inpatient beds and is affiliated with Dalhousie University Medical School.

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Moncton is served by the Greater Moncton Romeo LeBlanc International Airport .

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Skydive Moncton operates the province's only nationally certified sports parachute club out of this facility.

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Greater Moncton is served by Codiac Transpo, which is operated by the City of Moncton.

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Moncton has been the home of a number of notable people, including National Hockey League Hall of Famer and NHL scoring champion Gordie Drillon, World and Olympic champion curler Russ Howard, distinguished literary critic and theorist Northrop Frye, former Governor-General of Canada Romeo LeBlanc, and former Supreme Court Justice Ivan Cleveland Rand, developer of the Rand Formula and Canada's representative on the UNSCOP commission.

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France Daigle, another acclaimed Acadian novelist and playwright, was born and resides in Moncton, and is noted for her pioneering use of chiac in Acadian literature, was the recipient of the 2012 Governor General's Literary Prize in French Fiction, for her novel Pour Sur .

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