15 Facts About Moselle


Name Moselle is derived from the Celtic name form, Mosela, via the Latin Mosella, a diminutive form of Mosa, the Latin description of the Meuse, which used to flow parallel to the Moselle.

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Moselle is first recorded by Tacitus in Book 13 of his Annals and in Book 4 of his Histories.

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Characteristic of the Middle and Lower Moselle are its wide meanders cut deeply into the highlands of the Rhenish Massif, the most striking of which is the Cochemer Krampen between Bremm and Cochem.

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Three largest tributaries of the Moselle are, in alphabetical order, the Meurthe, the Saar and the Sauer.

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When, in the Quaternary period, the Rhenish Massif slowly rose, the meanders of the Moselle were formed between the Trier Valley and the Neuwied Basin.

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Moselle was known to the Romans by the name of Flumen Musalla, and the river was romanticised by the poet Ausonius around 371.

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From 1815, the Moselle formed the border between the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and Prussia .

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Moselle valley between Metz and Thionville is an industrial area, with coal mining and steel manufacturers.

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The German part of the Moselle is a tourist destination.

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The Moselle Commission, founded in 1962 with its head office in Trier, is responsible for navigation.

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The Moselle Shipping Police Act which it has produced is valid in all three participant states from Metz to Koblenz.

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In 1921 the Moselle became a Reich waterway, today it is a federal waterway from Apach at the tripoint to its mouth on the Rhine at kilometre point 592.

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Today the Moselle is navigable for large cargo ships up to 110 metres long from the Rhine in Koblenz up to Neuves-Maisons, south of Nancy.

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The Moselle is linked near Toul via the Canal de la Marne au Rhin with inter alia the Meuse, the Saone and the Rhone.

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Comparative figures by the Chamber of Agriculture for Rhineland-Palatinate for several wine villages on the Lower Moselle show that there were still 797 wine businesses in the early 1960s, but by the early 2000s there were only just under 100.

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