21 Facts About Narvik


Municipality of Narvik was established on 1 January 1902 when the village of Narvik received status as a proper town and was separated from the large municipality of Ankenes.

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On 1 January 1999, a small area of Narvik Municipality was transferred to the neighboring Evenes Municipality.

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On 1 January 2020, the municipality of Narvik was merged with the neighboring Ballangen Municipality and the eastern half of Tysfjord Municipality to form a new, larger municipality of Narvik.

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Narvik is named after the old Narvik farm, since the town is built on its ground.

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Narvik was developed as an all-year ice free port for the Swedish Kiruna and Gallivare iron mines.

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The history of modern Narvik begins in the 1870s, when the Swedish government began to understand the potential of the iron ore mines in Kiruna, Sweden.

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Narvik offered a port which is ice-free thanks to the warm Gulf Stream, and is naturally large, allowing boats of virtually any size to anchor, up to 208 metres long and 27 metres deep.

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Port of Narvik proved to be strategically valuable in the early years of World War II and the town became a focal point of the Norwegian Campaign.

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The town of Narvik is linked by rail to Sweden, but not to any other towns in Norway.

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Winston Churchill realized that the control of Narvik meant stopping most German imports of iron ore during the winter of 1940.

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The Admiralty argued that a naval bombardment of Norway would enable the troops to land safely, but General Mackesy refused to subject Norwegian citizens to such a bombardment, and instead he chose to land his troops near Narvik and wait until the snow melted to take over the town.

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Since the Nazi German invasion of France had made Scandinavia largely irrelevant, and since the valuable troops assigned to Narvik were badly needed elsewhere, the Allies withdrew from Narvik on 8 June 1940 in Operation Alphabet.

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Municipal council of Narvik is made up of 41 representatives that are elected to four year terms.

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Narvik has well prepared slopes for alpine skiing, some of which end almost in the town centre.

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Town of Narvik is a commercial centre for some of the neighbouring municipalities.

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In 2005, the port of Narvik got status as Motorways of the Sea in the EU-system.

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Present and historical key to land transportation to Narvik is the Ofoten Line railway from northern Sweden across the mountains to this port town.

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One Narvik citizen lets other citizens use his Tesla cars at will.

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Museum Nord - Narvik tells of the development of the ice-free harbour of Narvik and the rapid transformation of the town over the past century.

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The building that houses Museum Nord - Narvik was erected in 1902 as the head office of the Norwegian state railway company, Norges statsbaner and was designed by architect, Paul Due.

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Narvik appeared in Battlefield V, a First-person shooter video game, based on WWII.

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