14 Facts About National Mall


Term National Mall commonly includes areas that are officially part of neighboring West Potomac Park to the south and west and Constitution Gardens to the west.

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However, a 2010 NPS plan for the National Mall contains maps that show the National Mall's general area to be larger.

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The National Mall occupies the site of this planned "grand avenue", which was never constructed.

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The name is derived from that of The National Mall in London, which during the 1700s was a fashionable promenade near Buckingham Palace upon which the city's elite strolled.

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In 1881, the Arts and Industries Building, known originally as the National Mall Museum Building, opened on the north side of B Street SW to the east of "The Castle".

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The National Mall exhibited the Victorian-era landscape of winding paths and random plantings that Andrew Jackson Downing designed in the 1850s.

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Government then slowly dismantled most of the tempos that had remained within the National Mall, removing the power plant and nearby buildings by 1936.

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In 1981, the NPS prepared a National Register nomination form that documented the Mall's boundaries, features and historical significance.

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In combination with the other attractions in the Washington Metropolitan Area, the National Mall makes the nation's capital city one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country.

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On January 27, 2007, tens of thousands of protesters opposed to the Iraq War converged on the National Mall, drawing comparisons by participants to the Vietnam War protest.

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On December 4, 2008, the Presidential Inaugural Committee announced, "for the first time, the entire length of the National Mall will be opened to the public so that more people than ever before will be able to witness the swearing-in of the president from a vantage point in sight of the Capitol.

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The Smithsonian Carousel, located on the National Mall in front of the Arts and Industry Building, is a popular attraction.

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On July 4, the Bicentennial fireworks display on the Mall attracted one million viewers, making it second only to the 1965 presidential inauguration of Lyndon B Johnson as the largest event in the Mall's history up to that time.

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Igniting a controversy, the Department of Energy decided to move the 2011 Decathlon off the National Mall, claiming that this would support an effort to protect, improve and restore the park.

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