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25 Facts About Northumberland
Name of Northumberland is recorded as norð hymbra land in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, meaning "the land north of the Humber".
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Northumberland has a rich prehistory with many instances of rock art, hillforts such as Yeavering Bell, and stone circles such as the Goatstones and Duddo Five Stones.
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Later, the region of present-day Northumberland formed the core of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia, which united with Deira to form the kingdom of Northumbria in the 7th century.
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Northumberland has a history of revolt and rebellion against the government, as seen in the Rising of the North against Elizabeth I These revolts were usually led by the Earls of Northumberland, the Percy family.
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Northumberland was long a wild county, where outlaws and Border Reivers hid from the law.
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Northumberland played a key role in the Industrial Revolution from the 18th century on.
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Northumberland remains largely rural, and is the least-densely populated county in England.
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The Northumberland Coast is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty .
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Northumberland Coalfield extends across the southeast corner of the county, from the River Tyne as far north as Shilbottle.
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Northumberland's industry is dominated by some multinational corporations: Coca-Cola, MSD, GE and Drager all have significant facilities in the region.
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Northumberland has a completely comprehensive education system, with 15 state schools, two academies and one independent school.
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Unitary authority of Northumberland Council, reformed in April 2009, had a two-tier council system for the county and its six districts, both responsible for different aspects of local government.
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Northumberland is represented by four UK Parliamentary constituencies: Berwick-upon-Tweed, Blyth Valley, Wansbeck and Hexham.
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On 23 June 2016, Northumberland took part in the UK-wide referendum on the UK's membership of the EU.
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Northumberland has its own tartan or check, sometimes referred to in Scotland as the Shepherd's Tartan.
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Attempts to raise the level of awareness of Northumberland culture have started, with the formation of a Northumbrian Language Society to preserve the unique dialects of this region, as well as to promote home-grown talent.
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Northumberland has its own flag, which is a banner of the arms of Northumberland County Council.
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In 1280 at Ulgham near Morpeth Northumberland, records show that Henry of Ellington was killed playing football when David Le Keu's knife went into Henry's belly and killed him.
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Northumberland'sarer remains the highest scoring player in Premier League history with 260 goals in 441 appearances.
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The 'Pitmen's Derby' or Northumberland Plate was held from 1833 and moved to Gosforth in 1882.
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The oldest club in Northumberland was at Alnmouth, founded in 1869, it is the fourth oldest in the country and is Alnmouth Village Club and a 9 hole links course.
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