25 Facts About Northumberland


Northumberland is a county in Northern England, one of two counties in England which border with Scotland.

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Name of Northumberland is recorded as norð hymbra land in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, meaning "the land north of the Humber".

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Northumberland has a rich prehistory with many instances of rock art, hillforts such as Yeavering Bell, and stone circles such as the Goatstones and Duddo Five Stones.

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Later, the region of present-day Northumberland formed the core of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia, which united with Deira to form the kingdom of Northumbria in the 7th century.

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Northumberland is often called the "cradle of Christianity" in England because Christianity flourished on Lindisfarne—a tidal island north of Bamburgh, called Holy Island—after King Oswald of Northumbria invited monks from Iona to come to convert the English.

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Northumberland has a history of revolt and rebellion against the government, as seen in the Rising of the North against Elizabeth I These revolts were usually led by the Earls of Northumberland, the Percy family.

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Northumberland was long a wild county, where outlaws and Border Reivers hid from the law.

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Northumberland played a key role in the Industrial Revolution from the 18th century on.

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Northumberland remains largely rural, and is the least-densely populated county in England.

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The Northumberland Coast is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty .

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Northumberland Coalfield extends across the southeast corner of the county, from the River Tyne as far north as Shilbottle.

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Northumberland's industry is dominated by some multinational corporations: Coca-Cola, MSD, GE and Drager all have significant facilities in the region.

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Northumberland has a completely comprehensive education system, with 15 state schools, two academies and one independent school.

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Haydon Bridge High School, in rural Northumberland, is claimed to have the largest catchment area of any school in England, reputedly covering an area larger than that encompassed by the M25 motorway around London.

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County of Northumberland is served by one Catholic high school, St Benet Biscop Catholic Academy in Bedlington, which is attended by students from all over the area.

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Unitary authority of Northumberland Council, reformed in April 2009, had a two-tier council system for the county and its six districts, both responsible for different aspects of local government.

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Northumberland is represented by four UK Parliamentary constituencies: Berwick-upon-Tweed, Blyth Valley, Wansbeck and Hexham.

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On 23 June 2016, Northumberland took part in the UK-wide referendum on the UK's membership of the EU.

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Northumberland has its own tartan or check, sometimes referred to in Scotland as the Shepherd's Tartan.

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Attempts to raise the level of awareness of Northumberland culture have started, with the formation of a Northumbrian Language Society to preserve the unique dialects of this region, as well as to promote home-grown talent.

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Northumberland has its own flag, which is a banner of the arms of Northumberland County Council.

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In 1280 at Ulgham near Morpeth Northumberland, records show that Henry of Ellington was killed playing football when David Le Keu's knife went into Henry's belly and killed him.

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Northumberland'sarer remains the highest scoring player in Premier League history with 260 goals in 441 appearances.

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The 'Pitmen's Derby' or Northumberland Plate was held from 1833 and moved to Gosforth in 1882.

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The oldest club in Northumberland was at Alnmouth, founded in 1869, it is the fourth oldest in the country and is Alnmouth Village Club and a 9 hole links course.

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