12 Facts About Palladianism


Palladianism emerged in England in the early 17th century, led by Inigo Jones, whose Queen's House at Greenwich has been described as the first English Palladian building.

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Palladianism returned to fashion after a reaction against the Baroque in the early 18th century, fuelled by the publication of a number of architectural books, including Palladio's own I quattro libri dell'architettura and Colen Campbell's Vitruvius Britannicus.

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Later in the century, when the style was losing favour in Europe, Palladianism had a surge in popularity throughout the British colonies in North America.

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Palladianism was inspired by Roman buildings, the writings of Vitruvius, and his immediate predecessors Donato Bramante and Raphael.

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Palladianism's surviving buildings are in Venice, Veneto region, and Vicenza, and include villas and churches such as the Basilica del Redentore in Venice.

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The "Palladianism" of Jones and his contemporaries and later followers was a style largely of facades, with the mathematical formulae dictating layout not strictly applied.

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In Ireland, Palladianism became political; both the original and the present Irish parliaments in Dublin occupy Palladian buildings.

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Palladianism was a cousin of Sir John Vanbrugh, and originally one of his pupils.

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Palladianism rejected the Baroque style, and spent three years studying architecture in France and Italy before returning to Ireland.

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Palladianism studied architecture in Dublin, where Leinster House was one of the finest Palladian buildings of the time.

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Palladianism was particularly adopted in areas under British colonial rule.

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In North America, Palladianism lingered a little longer; Thomas Jefferson's floor plans and elevations owe a great deal to Palladio's I quattro libri dell'architettura.

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