61 Facts About Dublin


Dublin is a centre for education, arts and culture, administration and industry.

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Dublin celebrated its 'official' millennium in 1988, meaning the Irish government recognised 988 as the year in which the city was settled and that this first settlement would later become the city of Dublin.

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Slavery in Ireland and Dublin reached its pinnacle in the 9th and 10th centuries.

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Around this time, the county of the City of Dublin was established along with certain liberties adjacent to the city proper.

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Dublin prospered as a trade centre, despite an attempt by King Robert I of Scotland to capture the city in 1317.

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Dublin was the heart of the area known as the Pale, a narrow strip of English settlement along the eastern coast, under the control of the English Crown.

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Dublin grew even more dramatically during the 18th century, with the construction of many new districts and buildings, such as Merrion Square, Parliament House and the Royal Exchange.

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Dublin suffered a period of political and economic decline during the 19th century following the Acts of Union 1800, under which the seat of government was transferred to the Westminster Parliament in London.

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Ireland had no significant sources of coal, the fuel of the time, and Dublin was not a centre of ship manufacturing, the other main driver of industrial development in Britain and Ireland.

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Dublin was a victim of the Northern Irish Troubles, although during this 30-year conflict, violence mainly occurred within Northern Ireland.

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Large parts of Georgian Dublin were demolished or substantially redeveloped in the mid-20th century during a boom in office building.

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Dublin City Council is a unicameral assembly of 63 members elected every five years from local electoral areas.

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The constituency of Dublin West is partially in Dublin City, but predominantly in Fingal.

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Dublin is situated at the mouth of the River Liffey and encompasses a land area of approximately 117.

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In some tourism and real-estate marketing contexts, inner Dublin is sometimes divided into a number of quarters or districts.

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Dublin's sheltered location on the east coast makes it the driest place in Ireland, receiving only about half the rainfall of the west coast.

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Dublin has many landmarks and monuments dating back hundreds of years.

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Old Library of Trinity College Dublin, holding the Book of Kells, is one of the city's most visited sites.

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The Ha'penny Bridge, an iron footbridge over the River Liffey, is one of the most photographed sights in Dublin and is considered to be one of Dublin's most iconic landmarks.

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Dublin region is the economic centre of Ireland, and was at the forefront of the country's economic expansion during the Celtic Tiger period.

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In 2009, Dublin was listed as the fourth richest city in the world by purchasing power and 10th richest by personal income.

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The presence of these companies has driven economic expansion in the city and led to Dublin sometimes being referred to as the "Tech Capital of Europe".

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Dublin has been positioned as one of the main cities vying to host Financial Services companies hoping to retain access to the Eurozone after Brexit.

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Dublin is served by a network of nearly 200 bus routes which cover the city and suburbs.

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The National Transport Authority is responsible for integration of bus and rail services in Dublin and has been involved in introducing a pre-paid smart card, called a Leap card, which can be used on all of Dublin's public transport services.

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Dublin once had an extensive system of trams but this was largely phased out by 1949.

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Dublin Connolly is connected by bus to Dublin Port and ferries run by Irish Ferries and Stena Line to Holyhead for connecting trains on the North Wales Coast Line to Chester, Crewe and London Euston.

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Dublin Airport is located north of Dublin city, near Swords in the administrative county of Fingal.

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Dublin Airport is the 11th busiest in the European Union, and by far the busiest airport on the island of Ireland.

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Dublin is served by Weston Airport and other small facilities, by a range of helicopter operators, and the military and some State services use Casement Aerodrome nearby.

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Dublin is the largest centre of education in Ireland, and is home to four universities and a number of other higher education institutions.

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University of Dublin is the oldest university in Ireland, dating from the 16th century, and is located in the city centre.

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Dublin is home to the Royal Irish Academy, membership of which is considered Ireland's highest academic honour.

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Dublin joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities in 2019.

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Since the late 1990s, Dublin has experienced a significant level of net immigration, with the greatest numbers coming from the European Union, especially the United Kingdom, Poland and Lithuania.

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Dublin is home to a greater proportion of newer arrivals than any other part of the country.

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Dublin has a significant literary history, and produced many literary figures, including Nobel laureates William Butler Yeats, George Bernard Shaw and Samuel Beckett.

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Ireland's biggest libraries and literary museums are found in Dublin, including the National Print Museum of Ireland and National Library of Ireland.

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In July 2010, Dublin was named as a UNESCO City of Literature, joining Edinburgh, Melbourne and Iowa City with the permanent title.

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Apart from being the focus of the country's literature and theatre, Dublin is the focal point for much of Irish art and the Irish artistic scene.

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Private galleries in Dublin include Green on Red Gallery, Kerlin Gallery, Kevin Kavanagh Gallery and Mother's Tankstation.

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Dublin is home to the National College of Art and Design, which dates from 1746, and Dublin Institute of Design, founded in 1991.

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Dublin has long had an 'underground' arts scene, with Temple Bar hosting artists in the 1980s, and spaces such as the Project Arts Centre acting as a hub for collectives and new exhibitions.

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Taoiseach Enda Kenny was quoted to say that Dublin "would be an ideal candidate to host the World Design Capital in 2014".

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In October 2021, Dublin was shortlisted for the European Commission's 2022 European Capital of Smart Tourism award along with Bordeaux, Copenhagen, Florence, Ljubljana, Palma de Mallorca and Valencia.

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Dublin has several mid-range venues that host live music throughout the week, including Whelans and Vicar Street.

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The 3Arena venue in the Dublin Docklands plays host to visiting global performers.

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Dublin city centre is a popular shopping destination for both locals and tourists.

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Suburban Dublin has several modern retail centres, including Dundrum Town Centre, Blanchardstown Centre, the Square in Tallaght, Liffey Valley Shopping Centre in Clondalkin, Omni Shopping Centre in Santry, Nutgrove Shopping Centre in Rathfarnham, Northside Shopping Centre in Coolock and Swords Pavilions in Swords.

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Dublin is the centre of both media and communications in Ireland, with many newspapers, radio stations, television stations and telephone companies based there.

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Dublin is the headquarters of national newspapers such as The Irish Times and Irish Independent, as well as local newspapers such as The Evening Herald.

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County Dublin is home for 13 of the senior rugby union clubs in Ireland including 5 of the 10 sides in the top division 1A.

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County Dublin is home to six League of Ireland association football clubs; Bohemians F C, Shamrock Rovers, St Patrick's Athletic, University College Dublin, Shelbourne and Cabinteely.

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Dublin has two ODI cricket grounds in Castle Avenue and Malahide Cricket Club Ground.

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Dublin Marathon has been run since 1980 at the end of October.

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The Dublin Horse Show takes place at the RDS, which hosted the Show Jumping World Championships in 1982.

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Since the beginning of the 21st century, with the growth of apartment living in the city, Dublin's cafes attracted younger patrons looking for an informal gathering place and an ad hoc office.

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Dublin was traditionally a city of two languages, English and Irish, a situation found in the area around it, The Pale.

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The Irish of County Dublin represented the easternmost extension of a broad central dialect area which stretched between Leinster and Connacht, but had its own local characteristics.

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In 1657 the English colonists in Dublin presented a petition to the Municipal Council complaining that in Dublin itself "there is Irish commonly and usually spoken".

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In early 18th century Dublin, Irish was the language of a group of poets and scribes led by Sean and Tadhg O Neachtain.

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