12 Facts About Patagonia


Patagonia refers to a geographical region that encompasses the southern end of South America, governed by Argentina and Chile.

FactSnippet No. 985,968

Patagonia is bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and many bodies of water that connect them, such as the Strait of Magellan, the Beagle Channel, and the Drake Passage to the south.

FactSnippet No. 985,969

Contemporary economy of eastern Patagonia revolves around sheep farming and oil and gas extraction, while in western Patagonia fishing, salmon aquaculture, and tourism dominate.

FactSnippet No. 985,970

Culturally, Patagonia has a varied heritage, including Criollo, Mestizo, Indigenous, German, Croat, Italian and Welsh influences.

FactSnippet No. 985,971

Argentine researcher Miguel Doura observed that the name Patagonia possibly derives from the ancient Greek region of modern Turkey called Paphlagonia, possible home of the patagon personage in the chivalric romances Primaleon printed in 1512, ten years before Magellan arrived in these southern lands.

FactSnippet No. 985,972

Geological limit of Patagonia has been proposed to be Huincul Fault, which forms a major discontinuity.

FactSnippet No. 985,973

At first, the Antarctic Plate subducted only in the southernmost tip of Patagonia, meaning that the Chile Triple Junction was located near the Strait of Magellan.

FactSnippet No. 985,974

Whether the megafauna of Patagonia, including the ground sloth and horse, were extinct in the area before the arrival of humans is unclear, although this is the more widely accepted account.

FactSnippet No. 985,975

Until 1902, a large proportion of Patagonia's population were natives of Chiloe Archipelago, who worked as peons in large livestock-farming estancias.

FactSnippet No. 985,976

Railways were planned to cover continental Argentine Patagonia to serve the oil, mining, agricultural, and energy industries, and a line was built connecting San Carlos de Bariloche to Buenos Aires.

FactSnippet No. 985,977

Patagonia has always been Argentina's main area, and Chile's only area, of conventional oil and gas production.

FactSnippet No. 985,978

Future history depicted in Olaf Stapledon's Last and First Men includes a far future time in which Patagonia becomes the center of a new world civilization while Europe and North America are reduced to the status of backward poverty-stricken areas.

FactSnippet No. 985,979