92 Facts About Prophet Muhammad


Prophet Muhammad is believed to be the Seal of the Prophets within Islam.

FactSnippet No. 627,796

Prophet Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity, with the Quran as well as his teachings and practices forming the basis of Islamic religious belief.

FactSnippet No. 627,797

Prophet Muhammad was the son of Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib and Amina bint Wahb.

FactSnippet No. 627,798

Prophet Muhammad was raised under the care of his grandfather, Abd al-Muttalib, and paternal uncle, Abu Talib.

FactSnippet No. 627,799

When he was 40, Prophet Muhammad reported being visited by Gabriel in the cave and receiving his first revelation from God.

FactSnippet No. 627,800

In 613, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "submission" to God is the right way of life, and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam.

FactSnippet No. 627,801

Prophet Muhammad's followers were initially few in number, and experienced hostility from Meccan polytheists for 13 years.

FactSnippet No. 627,802

In Medina, Prophet Muhammad united the tribes under the Constitution of Medina.

FactSnippet No. 627,803

Revelations that Prophet Muhammad reported receiving until his death form the verses of the Quran, regarded by Muslims as the verbatim "Word of God" on which the religion is based.

FactSnippet No. 627,804

Name Prophet Muhammad means "praiseworthy" and appears four times in the Quran.

FactSnippet No. 627,805

Abu al-Qasim Prophet Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim was born in Mecca about the year 570 and his birthday is believed to be in the month of Rabi' al-awwal.

FactSnippet No. 627,806

Prophet Muhammad belonged to the Banu Hashim clan, part of the Quraysh tribe, which was one of Mecca's prominent families, although it appears less prosperous during Muhammad's early lifetime.

FactSnippet No. 627,807

Prophet Muhammad stayed with his foster-mother, Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb, and her husband until he was two years old.

FactSnippet No. 627,808

At the age of six, Prophet Muhammad lost his biological mother Amina to illness and became an orphan.

FactSnippet No. 627,809

Prophet Muhammad then came under the care of his uncle Abu Talib, the new leader of the Banu Hashim.

FactSnippet No. 627,810

Islamic tradition states that when Muhammad was either nine or twelve while accompanying the Meccans' caravan to Syria, he met a Christian monk or hermit named Bahira who is said to have foreseen Muhammad's career as a prophet of God.

FactSnippet No. 627,811

Prophet Muhammad's reputation attracted a proposal in 595 from Khadijah, a successful businesswoman.

FactSnippet No. 627,812

Prophet Muhammad consented to the marriage, which by all accounts was a happy one.

FactSnippet No. 627,813

Several years later, according to a narration collected by historian Ibn Ishaq, Prophet Muhammad was involved with a well-known story about setting the Black Stone in place in the wall of the Kaaba in 605 CE.

FactSnippet No. 627,814

Prophet Muhammad asked for a cloth and laid the Black Stone in its center.

FactSnippet No. 627,815

Prophet Muhammad began to pray alone in a cave named Hira on Mount Jabal al-Nour, near Mecca for several weeks every year.

FactSnippet No. 627,816

Islamic tradition holds that during one of his visits to that cave, in the year 610 the angel Gabriel appeared to him and commanded Prophet Muhammad to recite verses that would be included in the Quran.

FactSnippet No. 627,817

Prophet Muhammad feared that others would dismiss his claims as being possessed.

FactSnippet No. 627,818

Shi'a tradition states Prophet Muhammad was not surprised or frightened at Gabriel's appearance; rather he welcomed the angel, as if he was expected.

FactSnippet No. 627,819

The initial revelation was followed by a three-year pause during which Prophet Muhammad felt depressed and further gave himself to prayers and spiritual practices.

FactSnippet No. 627,820

Sahih Bukhari narrates Prophet Muhammad describing his revelations as "sometimes it is like the ringing of a bell".

FactSnippet No. 627,821

Aisha reported, "I saw the Prophet Muhammad being inspired Divinely on a very cold day and noticed the sweat dropping from his forehead ".

FactSnippet No. 627,822

Prophet Muhammad was confident that he could distinguish his own thoughts from these messages.

FactSnippet No. 627,823

Prophet Muhammad did not only warn those who rejected God's revelation, but dispensed good news for those who abandoned evil, listening to the divine words and serving God.

FactSnippet No. 627,824

Prophet Muhammad's mission involves preaching monotheism: The Quran commands Prophet Muhammad to proclaim and praise the name of his Lord and instructs him not to worship idols or associate other deities with God.

FactSnippet No. 627,825

Prophet Muhammad's was followed by Muhammad's ten-year-old cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib, close friend Abu Bakr, and adopted son Zaid.

FactSnippet No. 627,826

In 615, some of Prophet Muhammad's followers emigrated to the Ethiopian Kingdom of Aksum and founded a small colony under the protection of the Christian Ethiopian emperor Ashama ibn Abjar.

FactSnippet No. 627,827

Prophet Muhammad retracted the verses the next day at the behest of Gabriel, claiming that the verses were whispered by the devil himself.

FactSnippet No. 627,828

Islamic tradition states that in 620, Prophet Muhammad experienced the Isra and Mi'raj, a miraculous night-long journey said to have occurred with the angel Gabriel.

FactSnippet No. 627,829

Prophet Muhammad then visited Ta'if, another important city in Arabia, and tried to find a protector, but his effort failed and further brought him into physical danger.

FactSnippet No. 627,830

Prophet Muhammad took this opportunity to look for a new home for himself and his followers.

FactSnippet No. 627,831

Delegation, consisting of the representatives of the twelve important clans of Medina, invited Prophet Muhammad to serve as chief arbitrator for the entire community; due to his status as a neutral outsider.

FactSnippet No. 627,832

Prophet Muhammad instructed his followers to emigrate to Medina, until nearly all his followers left Mecca.

FactSnippet No. 627,833

Prophet Muhammad delivered Quranic verses permitting Muslims to fight the Meccans .

FactSnippet No. 627,834

Prophet Muhammad adjusted to the new direction, and his companions praying with him followed his lead, beginning the tradition of facing Mecca during prayer.

FactSnippet No. 627,835

Prophet Muhammad ordered a number of raids to capture Meccan caravans, but only the 8th of them, the Raid of Nakhla, resulted in actual fighting and capture of booty and prisoners.

FactSnippet No. 627,836

Prophet Muhammad expelled from Medina the Banu Qaynuqa, one of three main Jewish tribes, but some historians contend that the expulsion happened after Prophet Muhammad's death.

FactSnippet No. 627,837

Prophet Muhammad eventually conceded to the younger Muslims and readied the Muslim force for battle.

FactSnippet No. 627,838

Questions accumulated about the reasons for the loss; Prophet Muhammad delivered Quranic verses 3:152 indicating that the defeat was twofold: partly a punishment for disobedience, partly a test for steadfastness.

FactSnippet No. 627,839

Prophet Muhammad gained support from the nomadic tribes to the north and east of Medina; using propaganda about Muhammad's weakness, promises of booty, memories of Quraysh prestige and through bribery.

FactSnippet No. 627,840

Prophet Muhammad heard of men massing with hostile intentions against Medina, and reacted in a severe manner.

FactSnippet No. 627,841

Around a year later, Prophet Muhammad expelled the Banu Nadir from Medina forcing their emigration to Syria; he allowed them to take some possessions, as he was unable to subdue the Banu Nadir in their strongholds.

FactSnippet No. 627,842

Aisha was exonerated from accusations when Prophet Muhammad announced he had received a revelation confirming Aisha's innocence and directing that charges of adultery be supported by four eyewitnesses .

FactSnippet No. 627,843

Whoever in Arabia wishes to enter into a treaty or covenant with Prophet Muhammad can do so, and whoever wishes to enter into a treaty or covenant with the Quraysh can do so.

FactSnippet No. 627,844

Prophet Muhammad evaded them by taking a more difficult route, enabling his followers to reach al-Hudaybiyya just outside Mecca.

FactSnippet No. 627,845

Prophet Muhammad called upon the pilgrims to make a pledge not to flee if the situation descended into war with Mecca.

FactSnippet No. 627,846

Prophet Muhammad declared an amnesty for past offences, except for ten men and women who were "guilty of murder or other offences or had sparked off the war and disrupted the peace".

FactSnippet No. 627,847

Prophet Muhammad defeated the Hawazin and Thaqif tribes in the Battle of Hunayn.

FactSnippet No. 627,848

Prophet Muhammad ordered the destruction of any remaining pagan idols in Eastern Arabia.

FactSnippet No. 627,849

Prophet Muhammad refused to accept the city's surrender until they agreed to convert to Islam and allowed men to destroy the statue of their goddess Al-Lat.

FactSnippet No. 627,850

In 632, at the end of the tenth year after migration to Medina, Prophet Muhammad completed his first true Islamic pilgrimage, setting precedent for the annual Great Pilgrimage, known as Hajj.

FactSnippet No. 627,851

Prophet Muhammad abolished old blood feuds and disputes based on the former tribal system and asked for old pledges to be returned as implications of the creation of the new Islamic community.

FactSnippet No. 627,852

Prophet Muhammad addressed the issue of inheritance by forbidding false claims of paternity or of a client relationship to the deceased and forbade his followers to leave their wealth to a testamentary heir.

FactSnippet No. 627,853

Prophet Muhammad upheld the sacredness of four lunar months in each year.

FactSnippet No. 627,854

When Saud bin Abdul-Aziz took Medina in 1805, Prophet Muhammad's tomb was stripped of its gold and jewel ornamentation.

FactSnippet No. 627,855

Prophet Muhammad united several of the tribes of Arabia into a single Arab Muslim religious polity in the last years of his life.

FactSnippet No. 627,856

Prophet Muhammad's message transformed society and moral orders of life in the Arabian Peninsula; society focused on the changes to perceived identity, world view, and the hierarchy of values.

FactSnippet No. 627,857

The Quran requires payment of an alms tax for the benefit of the poor; as Prophet Muhammad's power grew he demanded that tribes who wished to ally with him implement the zakat in particular.

FactSnippet No. 627,858

Prophet Muhammad was of moderate height having broad shoulders hair reaching his ear-lobes.

FactSnippet No. 627,859

Prophet Muhammad was middle-sized, did not have lank or crisp hair, was not fat, had a white circular face, wide black eyes, and long eye-lashes.

FactSnippet No. 627,860

Prophet Muhammad had the "seal of prophecy" between his shoulder blades.

FactSnippet No. 627,861

Prophet Muhammad was taller than middling stature but shorter than conspicuous tallness.

FactSnippet No. 627,862

Prophet Muhammad had a wide forehead, and fine, long, arched eyebrows which did not meet.

FactSnippet No. 627,863

Prophet Muhammad's neck was like the neck of an ivory statue, with the purity of silver.

FactSnippet No. 627,864

Prophet Muhammad was proportionate, stout, firm-gripped, even of belly and chest, broad-chested and broad-shouldered.

FactSnippet No. 627,865

Prophet Muhammad was not marred by a skinny body, nor was he overly small in the head and neck.

FactSnippet No. 627,866

Prophet Muhammad was graceful and elegant, with intensely black eyes and thick eyelashes.

FactSnippet No. 627,867

Prophet Muhammad's beard was thick, and his eyebrows were finely arched and joined together.

FactSnippet No. 627,868

Prophet Muhammad was from afar the most beautiful of men and the most glorious, and close up he was the sweetest and the loveliest.

FactSnippet No. 627,869

Prophet Muhammad was sweet of speech and articulate, but not petty or trifling.

FactSnippet No. 627,870

Prophet Muhammad's speech was a string of cascading pearls, measured so that none despaired of its length, and no eye challenged him because of brevity.

FactSnippet No. 627,871

Prophet Muhammad has friends surrounding him, who listen to his words.

FactSnippet No. 627,872

Prophet Muhammad's life is traditionally defined into two periods: pre-hijra in Mecca, and post-hijra in Medina .

FactSnippet No. 627,873

At the age of 25, Prophet Muhammad married the wealthy Khadijah bint Khuwaylid who was 40 years old.

FactSnippet No. 627,874

Prophet Muhammad did not enter into marriage with another woman during this marriage.

FactSnippet No. 627,875

Prophet Muhammad is said to have asked for arrangements to marry both.

FactSnippet No. 627,876

Prophet Muhammad performed household chores such as preparing food, sewing clothes, and repairing shoes.

FactSnippet No. 627,877

Prophet Muhammad is said to have had accustomed his wives to dialogue; he listened to their advice, and the wives debated and even argued with him.

FactSnippet No. 627,878

Western historian of Islam Denis Gril believes the Quran does not overtly describe Prophet Muhammad performing miracles, and the supreme miracle of Prophet Muhammad is identified with the Quran itself.

FactSnippet No. 627,879

Sunnah represents actions and sayings of Prophet Muhammad and covers a broad array of activities and beliefs ranging from religious rituals, personal hygiene, and burial of the dead to the mystical questions involving the love between humans and God.

FactSnippet No. 627,880

Prophet Muhammad's birthday is celebrated as a major feast throughout the Islamic world, excluding Wahhabi-dominated Saudi Arabia where these public celebrations are discouraged.

FactSnippet No. 627,881

Today, the interdiction against images of Prophet Muhammad—designed to prevent worship of Prophet Muhammad, rather than God—is much more strictly observed in Sunni Islam and Ahmadiyya Islam than among Shias .

FactSnippet No. 627,882

Watt says that sincerity does not directly imply correctness: in contemporary terms, Prophet Muhammad might have mistaken his subconscious for divine revelation.

FactSnippet No. 627,883

Alford T Welch holds that Muhammad was able to be so influential and successful because of his firm belief in his vocation.

FactSnippet No. 627,884

Prophet Muhammad is thought to be the final manifestation, or seal of the Adamic cycle, but consider his teachings to have been superseded by those of Baha'u'llah, the founder of the Baha'i faith, and the first manifestation of the current cycle.

FactSnippet No. 627,885

Druze tradition honors several "mentors" and "prophets", and Muhammad is considered an important prophet of God in the Druze faith, being among the seven prophets who appeared in different periods of history.

FactSnippet No. 627,886

Criticism of Muhammad has existed since the 7th century, when Muhammad was decried by his non-Muslim Arab contemporaries for preaching monotheism, and by the Jewish tribes of Arabia for his perceived appropriation of Biblical narratives and figures and proclamation of himself as the "Seal of the Prophets".

FactSnippet No. 627,887