35 Facts About Sierra Club


Sierra Club is an environmental organization with chapters in all 50 United States, Washington D C, and Puerto Rico.

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The Sierra Club operates only in the United States and holds the legal status of 501 nonprofit social welfare organization.

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Sierra Club is organized on both a national and state level with chapters named for the 50 states and two U S territories California is the lone state to have numerous chapters named for California counties.

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Sierra Club members belong to statewide chapters and local groups.

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Sierra Club is known for engaging in two main activities: promoting and guiding outdoor recreational activities, which is done throughout the United States but primarily in California, and political activism to promote environmental causes.

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The charter members of the Sierra Club elected Muir president, an office he held until his death in 1914.

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The Sierra Club won its first lobbying victory with the creation of the country's second national park, after Yellowstone in 1872.

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In 2020, in wake of the George Floyd protests and subsequent public reconciliation of systematic racism in public history, the Sierra Club described their own early history as intermingled with racism.

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In particular, the early Sierra Club favored the needs of white members to the exclusion of people of color, and Muir and some of his associates, such as Joseph LeConte, David Starr Jordan, and Henry Fairfield Osborn were closely related to the early eugenics movement in the United States.

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Sierra Club secured its national reputation in the battle against the Echo Park Dam in Dinosaur National Monument in Utah, which had been announced by the Bureau of Reclamation in 1950.

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Sierra Club was now truly a national conservation organization, and preservationists took the offensive with wilderness proposals.

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Sierra Club's most publicized crusade of the 1960s was the effort to stop the Bureau of Reclamation from building two dams that would flood portions of the Grand Canyon.

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The Sierra Club made its first presidential endorsement in 1984 in support of Walter Mondale's unsuccessful campaign to unseat Ronald Reagan.

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In 2008, several Sierra Club officers quit in protest after the Sierra Club agreed to promote products by Clorox, which had been named one of a "dangerous dozen" chemical companies by the Public Interest Research Group in 2004.

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In May 2015, the Sierra Club appointed its first black president of the board of directors, Aaron Mair.

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Sierra Club endorsed Hillary Clinton in the 2016 U S presidential election.

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Steve Roper's Fifty Classic Climbs of North America, sponsored and published by the Sierra Club, is still considered one of the definitive rock climbing guidebooks in the United States.

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Uniquely for a progressive organization, the Sierra Club has strong grassroots organization in rural areas, with much activity focused on ensuring equitable and environmentally-friendly use of public lands.

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Some Sierra Club members have urged the club to be more forceful in advocating for the protection of National Forests and other federally owned public lands.

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Sierra Club has lobbied against hydropower projects and large-scale dams.

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In lobbying against hydropower projects, the Sierra Club has expressed opposition to power lines and said that hydropower projects disrupt animal habitats.

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Sierra Club opposes dams it considers inappropriate, including some government-built dams in national parks.

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The Sierra Club opposes the importation of energy from Quebec's hydropower plants to New York, arguing that importing excess energy by the Quebec plants will cause environmental damage and lead to fewer in-state New York renewable energy projects.

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Some chapters of the Sierra Club have lobbied against solar power projects, whereas other chapters have defended solar power projects.

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The Sierra Club opposed the Battle Born Solar Project, the largest solar project in the U S, citing its potential impact on desert tortoise habitats.

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Sierra Club is a member of the BlueGreen Alliance, a coalition of environmental groups and labor unions.

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In 1969, the Sierra Club published Paul R Ehrlich's book, The Population Bomb, in which he said that population growth was responsible for environmental decline and advocated coercive measures to reduce it.

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Sierra Club has come under criticism for opposing high-density housing development projects in California, which are intended to reduce the state's housing shortage and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

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The Sierra Club added its first Canadian chapter in 1963 and in 1989 opened a national office in Ottawa.

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Sierra Club Voter Education Fund is a 527 group that became active in the 2004 Presidential election by airing television advertisements about the major party candidates' positions on environmental issues.

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The Sierra Club used the Chesapeake Energy money for its Beyond Coal campaign to block new coal-fired power plants and close old ones.

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The Sierra Club is a partner of America Votes, an organization that coordinates and promotes progressive issues.

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Donors to the Sierra Club have included David Gelbaum, Michael Bloomberg, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and the John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation.

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The Sierra Club has received funding from the Democracy Alliance and the Tides Foundation Advocacy Fund.

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Sierra Club has been criticized by anti-immigration groups such as the Center for Immigration Studies and the Federation for American Immigration Reform for opposing Trump's plan of creating a wall on the United States' southern border.

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