23 Facts About Sintra


Sintra is a town and municipality in the Greater Lisbon region of Portugal, located on the Portuguese Riviera.

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Sintra is one of the most urbanized and densely populated municipalities of Portugal.

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The historic center of the Vila de Sintra is famous for its 19th-century Romanticist architecture, historic estates and villas, gardens, and royal palaces and castles, which resulted in the classification of the town as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Sintra's landmarks include the medieval Castle of the Moors, the romanticist Pena National Palace and the Portuguese Renaissance Sintra National Palace.

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Sintra is one of the wealthiest municipalities in both Portugal and the Iberian Peninsula as a whole.

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Traces of several Bronze Age remains were discovered in many places in the Sintra Mountains, including alongside the town, in the Monte do Sereno area, and a late Bronze Age settlement within the Moorish Castle dating to the 9th–6th centuries BC.

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The various residents of the region were considered part of the Roman Galeria and in the present village of Sintra there are Roman remains testifying to a Roman presence from the 1st–2nd centuries BC to the 5th century AD A roadway along the southeast part of the Sintra Mountains and connected to the main road to Olisipo dates from this period.

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The early municipal seat, the town of Sintra, was the centre of a significant Sephardic community, with a synagogue and quarter.

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Consequently, after 1261, Sintra had a local administration consisting of an alcalde representing the Crown, and two local judges elected by the public.

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Probably around 1383, John I granted the lands of Sintra to Count Henrique Manuel de Vilhena, quickly revoking the decision after Henrique took the Infanta's side during the dynastic quarrel.

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Sintra, therefore, continued as a possession of the King, who expanded the local estate.

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Sintra explored the region near the Ouro River and eventually died there in 1444.

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In 1545, the hospital was transferred to the administration of the Santa Casa da Misericordia of Sintra which was set up by Queen Catherine of Austria, wife of John III.

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Palace of Pena, Sintra's exemplary Portuguese Romantic symbol, was initiated by the King-Consort Ferdinand, husband of Queen Maria II, a German-born member of the House of Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha.

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From this time until the 1970s, coastal Sintra was becoming a summer destination, resulting in the building of Portuguese summer residences.

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Urban anarchy predominated until the middle of the 1980s in the areas adjacent to the main town of Sintra, resulting in the development of new neighbourhoods.

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Sao Joao platform, along the northern flank of the Sintra Mountains, has altitudes between 100 metres and 150 metres, while the southern part of the mountains, the Cascais platform, is lower: sloping from 150 metres to the sea, terminating along the coast, around 30 metres above sea level.

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The Eruptive Massif of Sintra is a dome structure, formed by layers of sedimentary rocks from the Upper Jurassic and early Cretaceous periods.

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Since 1966, the Sintra Mountains have been affected by fires that have destroyed a major part of the original forest, which has been substituted by acacia and other fast-growing exotic species.

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Sintra has numerous hamlets and villages, including the affluent village of Linho, Sintra.

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Yet Sintra is still considered to have a structurally young population, the youngest in the Greater Metropolitan Area of Lisbon.

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Sintra has a great number of preserved or classified architectural buildings:.

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Municipality of Sintra has several sports venues and a wide range of sports facilities for the practice of sports like tennis, golf, swimming, surfing, and equestrianism.

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