24 Facts About Sonora


Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south.

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The first record of the name Sonora comes from explorer Francisco Vazquez de Coronado, who passed through the state in 1540 and called part of the area the Valle de la Sonora.

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The Rio Sonora culture is located in central Sonora from the border area to modern Sinaloa.

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Unlike in central Mexico, no central social or economic centralization occurred in the Sonora area, given the collapse of population centers in the 15th century.

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Sonora began his first mission at Cucurpe, then established churches and missions in other villages such as Los Remedios, Imuris, Magdalena, Cocospera, San Ignacio, Tubutama and Caborca.

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In 1821, the colonial era in Sonora was ended by the Mexican War of Independence, which started in 1810.

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In 1835, the government of Sonora put a bounty on the Apache which, over time, evolved into a payment by the government of 100 pesos for each scalp of a male 14 or more years old.

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The state of Sonora resorted to paying a bounty on Apache scalps in 1835.

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Sonora lost more territory in the 1850s, through the Gadsden Purchase.

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Chinese immigration into Sonora would begin at this time, and the Chinese soon became an economic force as they built small businesses that spread wherever economic development occurred.

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The governor of Coahuila, Venustiano Carranza, sought refuge in Sonora, and became one of the principal political leaders during the rest of the war, with his main base of operations in Hermosillo.

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Carranza tried to suppress political opposition in Sonora, which led to the Plan of Agua Prieta, which formalized the resistance to Carranza by Obregon and his allies .

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PAN has since dominated most of the north of the country, but Sonora did not have its first PAN governor until 2009, with the election of Guillermo Padres Elias.

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The Yecora municipality in eastern Sonora has one of the highest grass diversities in Mexico.

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Kickapoos are not native to Sonora, but migrated here from the United States over a century ago.

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Sonora is a major producer of seafood in Mexico with a developed fishing infrastructure.

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Sonora is the leading producer of gold, copper, graphite, molybdenum, and wollastonite.

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Sonora has one of the largest coal reserves in the country.

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One advantage that Sonora has is its proximity to the United States, from which come most of the world's travelers.

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Sonora has one Pueblo Magico, which is Alamos, which was called Ostimuri by the native population.

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Many of Sonora's incoming migrants from other parts of Mexico come to work at these factories.

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Orquesta Filharmonica de Sonora is a state-sponsored institution that offers concerts in all of the entity's major cities.

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Norteno groups of Sonora, often referred to as taca-tacas, can now be heard at social events at all socioeconomic levels.

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Sonora has a reputation for producing fine cuts of beef, but the lean Spanish cattle of the colonial period have been replaced by Angus, Herefords and Holsteins.

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