12 Facts About UNPROFOR


UNPROFOR was created by UN Security Council Resolution 743 on 21 February 1992 during the Croatian War of Independence.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,613

The initial mandate of UNPROFOR was to ensure stable conditions for peace talks, and security in three demilitarized "safe-haven" enclaves designated as United Nations Protected Areas .

FactSnippet No. 1,320,614

On 31 March 1995, UNPROFOR was restructured into three coordinated peace operations.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,615

On 20 December 1995, the forces of UNPROFOR were reflagged under the NATO-led Implementation Force, whose task was to implement the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina .

FactSnippet No. 1,320,616

Additionally, the situation for which UNPROFOR had been designed and anticipated for had significantly changed.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,617

Resolution 836 authorized UNPROFOR "acting in self-defense, to take the necessary measures, including the use of force, in reply to bombardments against the safe areas by any of the parties or to armed incursion into them or in the event of any deliberate obstruction in or around those areas to the freedom of movement of UNPROFOR, or of protected humanitarian convoys".

FactSnippet No. 1,320,618

On 24 September, the Security Council was informed by the Croatian Government that if the mandate of UNPROFOR was not amended to promote energetic implementation of the relevant resolutions of the Security Council, Croatia would be forced to request UNPROFOR to leave the country no later than 30 November 1993.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,619

UNPROFOR demanded apologies for the death of the four Serbian soldiers killed by the French at Vrbanja bridge, threatening to "be unable to guarantee the safety" of the UN forces in Gorazde.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,620

On 12 July 1995 UNPROFOR failed to deter the Bosnian Serb attack on Srebrenica because they were not able to sufficiently reinforce the Dutch battalion in place, and the city was overrun.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,621

At this point, UNPROFOR had become "militarily engaged" with NATO against the Bosnian Serb Army.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,622

NATO and UNPROFOR were increasingly difficult to separate by autumn 1995, both in terms of policy and actions taken on the ground.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,623

Some of UNPROFOR troops were folded into the new IFOR forces, but for all intents and purposes, UNPROFOR no longer operated in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

FactSnippet No. 1,320,624