32 Facts About Ussher


James Ussher was the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625 and 1656.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,506

Ussher's father, Arland Ussher, was a clerk in chancery who married James Stanihurst's daughter, Margaret, who was reportedly a Roman Catholic.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,507

Ussher had received his Bachelor of Arts degree by 1598 and was a fellow and MA by 1600.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,508

Ussher went on to become Chancellor of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin in 1605 and Prebend of Finglas.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,509

Ussher became Professor of Theological Controversies at Trinity College and a Bachelor of Divinity in 1607, Doctor of Divinity in 1612, and then Vice-Chancellor in 1615 and vice-provost in 1616.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,510

In 1619 Ussher travelled to England, where he remained for two years.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,511

Ussher became prominent after meeting James I In 1621 James I nominated Ussher Bishop of Meath.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,512

Ussher became a national figure in Ireland, becoming Privy Councillor in 1623 and an increasingly substantial scholar.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,513

Ussher was nominated Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh in 1625 and succeeded Christopher Hampton, who had succeeded Ussher's uncle Henry twelve years earlier.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,514

In 1633, Ussher wrote to the new Archbishop of Canterbury, William Laud, in an effort to gain support for the imposition of recusancy fines on Irish Catholics.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,515

Ussher settled the long-running primacy dispute between the sees of Armagh and Dublin in Armagh's favour.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,516

Ussher soon found himself at odds with the rise of Arminianism and Wentworth and Laud's desire for conformity between the Church of England and the more Calvinistic Church of Ireland.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,517

Ussher resisted this pressure at a convocation in 1634, ensuring that the English Articles of Religion were adopted as well as the Irish articles, not instead of them, and that the Irish canons had to be redrafted based on the English ones rather than replaced by them.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,518

In 1633, Ussher had supported the appointment of Archbishop Laud as Chancellor of the University of Dublin.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,519

Ussher had hoped that Laud would help to impose order on what was, Ussher accepted, a somewhat mismanaged institution.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,520

Ussher certainly preferred to be a scholar when he could be.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,521

Ussher engaged in extensive disputations with Roman Catholic theologians, and even as a student he challenged a Jesuit relative, Henry Fitzsimon, to dispute publicly the identification of the Pope with the Antichrist.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,522

Ussher had an obsession with "Jesuits disguised as" Covenanters in Scotland, highwaymen when he was robbed, non-conformists in England, it was a remarkable list.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,523

However, Ussher wrote extensively on theology, patristics and ecclesiastical history, and these subjects gradually displaced his anti-Catholic work.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,524

In 1640, Ussher left Ireland for England for what turned out to be the last time.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,525

In early 1641 Ussher developed a mediatory position on church government, which sought to bridge the gap between the Laudians, who believed in an episcopalian church hierarchy, and the Presbyterians, who wanted to abolish episcopacy entirely.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,526

Ussher became a preacher at Lincoln's Inn early in 1647, and despite his royalist loyalties was protected by his friends in Parliament.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,527

Ussher watched the execution of Charles I from the roof of the Countess of Peterborough's home in London but fainted before the axe fell.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,528

Ussher wrote two treatises on the epistles of Ignatius of Antioch while doing his work on church hierarchy.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,529

Ussher closely examined it and found problems that had gone uncommented on for centuries: differences in tone, theology, and apparent anachronistic references to theological disputes and structures that did not exist during Ignatius's time.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,530

Ussher researched and found a shorter set, usually called the Middle Recension, and argued that only the letters contained in it were authentically Ignatius's.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,531

Ussher published this Latin edition of the genuine Ignatian works in 1644.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,532

Ussher now concentrated on his research and writing and returned to the study of chronology and the church fathers.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,533

Ussher's work is used to support Young Earth Creationism, which holds that the universe was created thousands of years ago.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,534

Ussher's chronology represented a considerable feat of scholarship: it demanded great depth of learning in what was then known of ancient history, including the rise of the Persians, Greeks and Romans, as well as expertise in the Bible, biblical languages, astronomy, ancient calendars and chronology.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,535

In 1655, Ussher published his last book, De Graeca Septuaginta Interpretum Versione, the first serious examination of the Septuagint, discussing its accuracy as compared with the Hebrew text of the Old Testament.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,536

Ussher's symptoms seem to have been those of a severe internal haemorrhage.

FactSnippet No. 2,546,537