19 Facts About Zhangjiakou


Zhangjiakou known as Kalgan and by several other names, is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Hebei province in Northern China, bordering Beijing to the southeast, Inner Mongolia to the north and west, and Shanxi to the southwest.

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Since ancient times, Zhangjiakou has been a stronghold of military significance and vied for by multiple sides.

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Zhangjiakou was one of the host cities at the 2022 Winter Olympics.

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Zhangjiakou is written in simplified Chinese and in traditional Chinese.

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Zhangjiakou was historically known to Europeans as Kalgan until the mid 20th century.

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The southern area of Zhangjiakou was under jurisdiction of Dai Commandery and Shanggu Commandery.

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Zhangjiakou's often stationed troops in Yanzicheng, the name of which is believed to derive from Xiao Yanyan in preparations for the War against Song.

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Zhangjiakou put Kublai, his brother, in charge of affairs of northern China.

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Zhangjiakou built forts in Xuanhua and Datong and stationed 15000 troops on Ming territory.

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Since then, the city of Zhangjiakou was transformed from a military base to an important horse market for Mongolian mounts imported into China.

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In October 1909, Zhangjiakou was connected with Beijing by Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway, the first railway solely designed and built by Chinese people.

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Zhangjiakou was aptly nicknamed, "Beijing's Northern Door", because whoever controlled Zhangjiakou was in a good position to either attack or defend Beijing.

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Zhangjiakou hosted some of the events in the 2022 Winter Olympics.

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Zhangjiakou is located in the northwest part of Hebei province, and is defined by mostly rough terrain created by the Yin Mountains, with elevations increasing from southeast to northwest.

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Zhangjiakou City is divided into three topographical regions: plateau, mountains, and basin.

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Zhangjiakou has a monsoon-influenced, continental semi-arid climate, with long, cold, dry, and windy winters due to the Siberian anticyclone, and hot, humid summers driven by the East Asian monsoon; in between spring and autumn are dry and brief.

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Vicinity of Zhangjiakou is rich in coal and iron ore, making it an ideal location for developing iron and steel industry.

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In 2022, Volvo Cars' powertrain plant at Zhangjiakou was transferred to Aurobay, a joint venture between Volvo Cars and Geely.

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Zhangjiakou is headquarters of the 65th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Beijing Military Region responsible for defending China's capital.

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