11 Facts About Adena culture


Adena culture was a Pre-Columbian Native American culture that existed from 500 BCE to 100 CE, in a time known as the Early Woodland period.

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The Adena culture refers to what were probably a number of related Native American societies sharing a burial complex and ceremonial system.

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The Adena culture was centered on the location of the modern state of Ohio, but extended into contiguous areas of northern Kentucky, eastern Indiana, West Virginia, and parts of extreme western Pennsylvania.

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Adena culture was named for the large mound on Thomas Worthington's early 19th-century estate located near Chillicothe, Ohio, which he named "Adena",.

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The geographic range of the Adena culture sites is centered on central and southern Ohio, with further sites in contiguous areas of the surrounding states of Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia and Pennsylvania.

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The importance of the Adena complex comes from its considerable influence on other contemporary cultures and cultures that came after it The Adena culture is seen as the precursor to the traditions of the Hopewell tradition, which are sometimes thought as an elaboration, or zenith, of Adena traditions.

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Adena culture were notable for their agricultural practices, pottery, artistic works, and extensive trading network, which supplied them with a variety of raw materials, ranging from copper from the Great Lakes to shells from the Gulf Coast.

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At one point, larger Adena culture mounds numbered in the hundreds, but only a small number of the remains of the larger Adena culture earthen monuments still survive today.

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Paint has been found on some Adena culture tablets, leading archaeologists to propose that these stone tablets were probably used to stamp designs on cloth or animal hides, or onto their own bodies.

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Unlike in other cultures, Adena pottery was not buried with the dead or the remains of the cremated, as were other artifacts.

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Usually Adena culture pottery was tempered with grit or crushed limestone and was very thick; its decoration was largely plain, cord-marked or fabric marked, although one type bore a nested-diamond design incised into its surface.

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