29 Facts About Alhambra


The Alhambra was one of the first Islamic monuments to become the object of modern scientific study and has been the subject of numerous restorations since the 19th century.

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Alhambra's reign marked the beginning of the "classical" period of Nasrid architecture, during which many major monuments in the Alhambra were begun and decorative styles were consolidated.

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Alhambra built the Alhambra's main gate, the Puerta de la Justicia, and the Torre de la Cautiva, one of several small towers with richly-decorated rooms along the northern walls.

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Alhambra remodeled the Mexuar, created the highly-decorated "Comares Facade" in the Patio del Cuarto Dorado, and redecorated the Court of the Myrtles, giving these areas much of their final appearance.

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The governorship of the Alhambra was entrusted to the Tendilla family, who were given one of the Nasrid palaces, the Palacio del Partal Alto, to use as family residence.

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Alhambra rebuilt or modified portions of the Nasrid palaces to serve as royal apartments, a process which began in 1528 and was completed in 1537.

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Alhambra demolished a part of the Comares Palace to make way for a monumental new palace, known the Palace of Charles V, designed in the Renaissance style of the period.

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In 1830 Washington Irving lived in Granada and wrote his Tales of the Alhambra, first published in 1832, which spurred international interest in southern Spain and in its Islamic-era monuments like the Alhambra .

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In 1870 the Alhambra was declared a National Monument of Spain and the state allocated a budget for its conservation, overseen by the Provincial Commission of Monuments.

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Mariano Contreras, the last of the Contreras architects to serve as director of conservation of the Alhambra, was appointed as architectural curator in April 1890.

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Alhambra's tenure was controversial and his conservation strategy attracted criticism from other authorities.

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Alhambra restored some important elements of the site, like the water supply system, but neglected others.

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Alhambra endorsed the principles of the 1931 Athens Charter for the Restoration of Monuments, which emphasized regular maintenance, respect for the work of the past, legal protection for heritage monuments, and the legitimacy of modern techniques and materials in restoration so long as these were visually recognizable.

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Alhambra carried out systematic archeological excavations in various parts of the Alhambra, unearthing lost Nasrid structures such as the Palacio del Partal Alto and the Palace of the Abencerrajes which provided deeper insight into the former palace-city as a whole.

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In 1940 a new Council of the Alhambra was created to oversee the site, which has remained in charge ever since.

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The Alhambra is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Spain.

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Texts of the Alhambra include "devout, regal, votive, and Qur'anic phrases and sentences, " formed into arabesques, carved into wood and marble, and glazed onto tiles.

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The inscriptions of the Alhambra are unique for their frequent self-referential nature and use of personification.

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Palace commissioned by Charles V in the middle of the Alhambra was designed by Pedro Machuca, an architect who had trained under Michelangelo in Rome and who was steeped in the culture of the Italian High Renaissance and of the artistic circles of Raphael and Giulio Romano.

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The construction of a monumental Italian-influenced palace in the heart of the Nasrid-built Alhambra symbolized Charles V's imperial status and the triumph of Christianity over Islam achieved by his grandparents .

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Main approach to the Alhambra today is through the Alhambra Woods in the valley on its south side.

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Alhambra has directly inspired musical compositions including Francisco Tarrega's famous tremolo study for guitar Recuerdos de la Alhambra, as well as Claude Debussy's piece for two pianos composed in 1901, Lindaraja, and the prelude, La Puerta del Vino, from the second book of preludes composed from 1912 to 1913.

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In 1976, filmmaker Christopher Nupen filmed The Song of the Guitar at the Alhambra which was an hour-long program featuring the legendary Spanish guitarist, Andres Segovia.

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In pop and folk music, Alhambra is the subject of the Ghymes song of the same name.

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Alhambra is the title of an EP recording by Canadian rock band, The Tea Party, containing acoustic versions of a few of their songs.

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Alhambra tiles are remarkable in that they contain nearly all, if not all, of the seventeen mathematically possible wallpaper groups.

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Alhambra stands in for Baghdad in the 1958 adventure film The 7th Voyage of Sinbad.

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Many features and stories of the palace were used as clues and characters for the game progression and AR Alhambra was depicted as 'a place of magic' and 'Mecca for Gamers' to establish the Gaming plot in the story.

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The Alhambra inspired a number of buildings in Moorish Revival architecture:.

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