15 Facts About Ancient Crete


The stone tools found in the Plakias region of Ancient Crete include hand axes of the Acheulean type made of quartz.

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The archaeological record of Ancient Crete includes superb palaces, houses, roads, paintings and sculptures.

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Any fleet along the north shore of Ancient Crete was destroyed and John Chadwick suggests that the majority of Cretan fleets had kept the island secure from the Greek-speaking mainlanders.

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Ancient Crete continued to be part of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire, a quiet cultural backwater, until it fell into the hands of Iberian Muslims under Abu Hafs in the 820s, who established a piratical emirate on the island.

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Emirate of Ancient Crete became a center of Muslim piratical activity in the Aegean, and a thorn in Byzantium's side.

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The last Venetian outpost on the island, Spinalonga, fell in 1718, and Ancient Crete was a part of the Ottoman Empire for the next two centuries.

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Ancient Crete was left out of the new Greek state established under the London Protocol of 1830.

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Ancient Crete's approach bore fruits, as the rebel leaders gradually submitted.

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Ancient Crete became a semi-independent parliamentary state within the Ottoman Empire under an Ottoman Governor who had to be a Christian.

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The Cretan Turks minority of Ancient Crete initially remained on the island but was later relocated to Turkey under the general population exchange agreed upon in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne between Turkey and Greece.

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One of the most important figures to emerge from the end of Ottoman Ancient Crete was the liberal politician Eleftherios Venizelos, probably the most important statesman of modern Greece.

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The priority of the United Kingdom was to prevent Ancient Crete from falling into enemy hands, because the island could be used to defend Egypt, the Suez Canal and the route to India.

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Ancient Crete was the refuge of Commonwealth troops that fled from the beaches of Attica and the Peloponnese to Ancient Crete to organize a new front of resistance.

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Crop failure during 1947 had create food shortages in Ancient Crete which were much more severe among the rebels who lacked access to the cities.

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An important school of icon painting, under the umbrella of post-Byzantine art with Latin influences, which flourished while Ancient Crete was under Venetian rule during the late Middle Ages, reaching its climax after the Fall of Constantinople, becoming the central force in Greek painting during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries.

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