17 Facts About Arequipa


Arequipa is a city and capital of province and the eponymous department of Peru.

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Arequipa is an important industrial and commercial center of Peru, and is considered as the second industrial city of the country.

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Early inhabitants of the modern-day Arequipa area were nomads who relied on fishing as well as hunting and gathering for survival.

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At the time of its foundation, Arequipa already had a city council because Carbajal led relocation efforts for an existing coastal city named Villa Hermosa de Camana.

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Around this time, Arequipa gained prominence as a center of business and trade, focused in agricultural products and the production of wool, sometimes through exploitation of peasants.

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Central part of the city is split by the Chili River from north to south; to the north and east of Arequipa are the Andes Mountains, while to the south and west are sub-ranges of the Andes.

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Arequipa expanded east of the historic center, and new avenues such as Parra Boulevard and Siglo Veinte Avenue were built to connect the historic center with newer neighborhoods, such as Vallecito or with already existing towns like Yanahuara, which were absorbed by the city's expansion.

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The Department of Arequipa's GDP is the second highest in Peru, after that of the Department of Lima.

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From 2003 to 2008, Arequipa was the "city with the greatest economic growth in Latin America" with a 66.

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Arequipa's serves as an important commercial and industrial hub in the southern Andes in Peru, linking the coast to the mountains.

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On 15 August 1959, the first television transmission in the city of Arequipa was broadcast at the Cultural Hall of the National University of San Agustin.

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Arequipa has more than 15 universities, nine of them with headquarters in the city and one of them being public .

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Culture in Arequipa is marked by the regionalism of its inhabitants; in fact, unlike other regional sentiments within Peru, Arequipa's regionalism was connected to the fight against centralism.

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An element of culture in Arequipa City is its Spanish dialect which incorporates a distinctive rhythmic way of speaking, which usually elongates the last vowel of the final word in each sentence.

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Literature in Arequipa has a long tradition and many of the city's writers have gained national and international recognition.

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The Symphonic Orchestra of Arequipa, created in 1939, contributes to keep classical and vernacular music as part of the city's culture.

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Terrapuerto Internacional Arequipa is a bus terminal located in the district of Jacobo Hunter.

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