46 Facts About Lima


Lima is home to one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the New World.

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In October 2013, Lima was chosen to host the 2019 Pan American Games; these games were held at venues in and around Lima, and were the largest sporting event ever hosted by the country.

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River that feeds Lima is called Rimac, and many people erroneously assume that this is because its original Inca name is "Talking River" .

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Anthem of Lima was heard for the first time on 18 January 2008, in a solemn session that was attended by the then President of Peru Alan Garcia, the mayor of the city Luis Castaneda Lossio and various authorities.

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The Maranga culture and the Lima culture were the ones that established and forged an identity in these territories.

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Lima as seem from the Rimac District, painting of 1850 by Batta Molinelli.

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The new migrants, at first confined to slums in downtown Lima, led this expansion through large-scale land invasions, which evolved into shanty towns, known as pueblos jovenes.

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Lima is the world's third largest desert city, after Karachi, Pakistan, and Cairo, Egypt.

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Lima is the capital city of the Republic of Peru and Lima Province.

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The Palace of Justice in Lima is seat of the Supreme Court of Justice the highest judicial court in Peru with jurisdiction over the entire territory of Peru.

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Lima is seat of two of the 28-second highest or Superior Courts of Justice.

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The first and oldest Superior Court in Lima is the Superior Court of Justice, belonging to the Judicial District and.

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Lima is home to the headquarters of the Andean Community of Nations that is a customs union comprising the South American countries of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

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The minorities in Lima include Amerindians and Afro-Peruvians, whose African ancestors were initially brought to the region as slaves.

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Chinese and a lesser number of Japanese came to Lima and established themselves in the Barrios Altos neighborhood in downtown Lima.

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Lima is the country's industrial and financial center and one of Latin America's most important financial centers, home to many national companies and hotels.

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Lima has the largest export industry in South America and is a regional center for the cargo industry.

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Lima is the headquarters for banks such as Banco de Credito del Peru, Scotiabank Peru, Interbank, Bank of the Nation, Banco Continental, MiBanco, Banco Interamericano de Finanzas, Banco Financiero, Banco de Comercio and CrediScotia.

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Insurance companies based in Lima include Rimac Seguros, Mapfre Peru, Interseguro, Pacifico, Protecta and La Positiva.

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Likewise, having Lima the privilege of being the only capital in South America with immediate access to the sea, it has wide tourist piers that in recent years have become a great attraction for thousands of tourists, especially in the districts of Miraflores and Barranco, where there is a wide development in terms of entertainment in these areas, turning the capital into a place with several places of tourism and entertainment.

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Strongly influenced by European, Andean, African and Asian culture, Lima is a melting pot, due to colonization, immigration and indigenous influences.

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Lima's beaches, located along the northern and southern ends of the city, are heavily visited during the summer.

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Lima has a vibrant and active theater scene, including classic theater, cultural presentations, modern theater, experimental theater, dramas, dance performances and theater for children.

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Lima is home to the Municipal Theater, Segura Theater, Japanese-Peruvian Theater, Marsano Theater, British theater, Theater of the PUCP Cultural Center and the Yuyachkani Theater.

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Lima is home to the country's highest concentration of museums, most notably the Museo Nacional de Arqueologia, Antropologia e Historia del Peru, Museum of Art, the Museo Pedro de Osma, the Museum of Natural History, the Museum of the Nation, The Sala Museo Oro del Peru Larcomar, the Museum of Italian Art, the Museum of Gold and the Larco Museum.

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Lima is known as the Gastronomical Capital of the Americas.

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Since 2011, several Lima restaurants have been recognized as among The World's 50 Best Restaurants.

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Lima is the Peruvian city with the greatest variety and where different dishes representing South American cuisine can be found.

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Peruvian capital is the seat of the Archdiocese of Lima, which was established in 1541 as a diocese and in 1547 as an archdiocese.

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The most popular sport in Lima is football with professional club teams operating in the city.

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Lima will have 2 venues for the 2019 FIFA U-17 World Cup.

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The middle class districts in Lima are Jesus Maria, Lince, Magdalena del Mar, Pueblo Libre, San Miguel and Barranco.

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Home to universities, institutions and schools, Lima has the highest concentration of institutions of higher learning on the continent.

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Lima is home to the oldest continuously operating higher learning institution in the New World, National University of San Marcos, founded in 1551.

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Lima has one of the country's highest levels of enrollment in high school and preschool.

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Dropout rate for Lima is lower than the national average, except for elementary school, which is higher.

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Educational system in Lima is organized under the authority of the "Direccion Regional de Educacion de Lima Metropolitana", which is in turn divided into 7 sub-directions or "UGEL" : UGEL 01, UGEL 02, UGEL 03, UGEL 04, UGEL 05, UGEL 06 and UGEL 07 .

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Lima is served by Jorge Chavez International Airport, located in Callao .

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Lima possesses five other airports: the Las Palmas Air Force Base, Collique Airport and runways in Santa Maria del Mar, San Bartolo and Chilca.

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Lima is connected to the Central Andean region by the Ferrocarril Central Andino which runs from Lima through the departments of Junin, Huancavelica, Pasco and Huanuco.

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Commuter rail services for Lima are planned as part of the larger Tren de la Costa project.

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Lima operates a network of nine freeways – the Via Expresa Paseo de la Republica, Via Expresa Javier Prado, Via Expresa Grau, Panamericana Norte, Panamericana Sur, Carretera Central, Via Expresa Callao, Autopista Chillon Trapiche and the Autopista Ramiro Priale.

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Since 2014, Lima Council operates the "Sistema Integrado de Transporte Urbano", which comprises buses over Avenida Arequipa.

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Lima Metro has twenty six passenger stations, with an average separation of 1.

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Lima was subjected to a lengthy period of confinement or quarantine that lasted more than four months.

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Twenty-two districts in Lima have a ratio above 1000 citizens per Serenazgo official, while 14 districts have ratios below 200 citizens per official, including Miraflores with 119 and San Isidro with 57.

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