21 Facts About Arthur Clough


Arthur Hugh Clough was an English poet, an educationalist, and the devoted assistant to Florence Nightingale.

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Arthur Clough was the brother of suffragist Anne Clough and father of Blanche Athena Clough who both became principals of Newnham College, Cambridge.

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Arthur Clough was born in Liverpool to James Butler Clough, a cotton merchant of Welsh descent, and Anne Perfect, from Pontefract in Yorkshire.

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James Butler Arthur Clough was a younger son of a landed gentry family that had been living at Plas Arthur Clough in Denbighshire since 1567.

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In 1829 Arthur Clough began attending Rugby School, then under Thomas Arnold, whose belief in rigorous education and lifestyles he accepted.

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Arthur Clough was for a time influenced by this movement, but eventually rejected it.

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Arthur Clough became unwilling to teach the doctrines of the Church of England, as his tutorship required of him, and in 1848 he resigned the position and travelled to Paris, where he witnessed the revolution of 1848.

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Since 1846, Arthur Clough had been financially responsible for his mother and sister .

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Arthur Clough soon found that he disliked London, in spite of the friendship of Thomas Carlyle and his wife Jane Welsh Carlyle.

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Arthur Clough married Miss Shore Smith and pursued a steady official career, diversified only by an appointment in 1856 as secretary to a commission sent to study foreign military education.

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Arthur Clough devoted enormous energy to working as an unpaid secretarial assistant to his wife's cousin Florence Nightingale.

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Arthur Clough visited first Great Malvern and Freshwater, Isle of Wight.

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Arthur Clough's wife joined him on a voyage from Switzerland to Italy, where he contracted malaria.

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Arthur Clough is buried in the English Cemetery there, in a tomb that his wife and sister had Susan Horner design from Jean-Francois Champollion's book on Egyptian hieroglyphs.

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The youngest child, Blanche Athena Arthur Clough, devoted her life to Newnham College, Cambridge, where her aunt was principal.

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Arthur Clough's only considerable enterprise in prose was a revision of a 17th-century translation of Plutarch which occupied him from 1852, and was published as Plutarch's Lives .

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Arthur Clough's output is small and much of it appeared posthumously.

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Arthur Clough often went against the popular religious and social ideals of his day, and his verse is said to have the melancholy and the perplexity of an age of transition, although Through a Glass Darkly suggests that he did not lack certain Christian beliefs of his own, and in particular a belief in the afterlife where the struggle for virtue will be rewarded.

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Arthur Clough's work is interesting to students of meter, owing to the experiments which he made, in the Bothie and elsewhere, with English hexameters and other types of verse formed upon classical models.

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Arthur Clough wrote the short poem "Say Not the Struggle Naught Availeth", a rousing call invoking military metaphors to keep up the good fight; which fight is unspecified, but it was written in the wake of the defeat of Chartism in 1848.

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Arthur Clough himself gives no indication that the couplet on murder might refer to the medical profession in general or to the treatment of the terminally ill in particular; indeed, the entire text of "The Latest Decalogue" satirizes the hypocrisy, materialism, the selective ethics and self-interest common to all of mankind.

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