11 Facts About Arvanitika


Arvanitika, known as Arvanitic, is the variety of Albanian traditionally spoken by the Arvanites, a population group in Greece.

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Arvanitika is today endangered, as its speakers have been shifting to the use of Greek and most younger members of the community no longer speak it.

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Arvanitika was brought to southern Greece during the late Middle Ages by settlers from what is today Albania.

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Arvanitika is closely related to Arberesh, the dialect of Albanian in Italy, which largely goes back to Arvanite settlers from Greece.

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Italo-Arberesh and Graeco-Arvanitika have a mutually intelligible vocabulary base, the unintelligible elements of the two dialects stem from the usage of Italian or Greek modernisms in the absence of native ones.

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Mutual intelligibility between Standard Tosk and Arvanitika is higher than that between the two main dialect groups within Albanian, Tosk and Gheg.

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Trudgill sums up that "[l]inguistically, there is no doubt that [Arvanitika] is a variety of Albanian".

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However, this script is very rarely used in practice today, as Arvanitika is almost exclusively a spoken language confined to the private sphere.

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Arvanitika is considered an endangered language due to the large-scale language shift towards Greek among the descendants of Arvanitika-speakers in recent decades.

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Texts in Arvanitika have survived in the private correspondence between Arvanites who used the dialect.

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In public use, Arvanitika has been used in election pamphlets of Attica and Boeotia in the 19th century.

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