19 Facts About Aurangabad


In 1610, a new city named Khadki was established at the location of modern Aurangabad to serve as the capital of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate by the Ethiopian military leader Malik Ambar, who was brought to India as a slave but rose to become a popular Prime Minister of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate.

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In 1653, Aurangzeb renamed the city as "Aurangabad" and made it the capital of the Deccan region of the Mughal Empire.

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Aurangabad was succeeded by his son Fateh Khan, who changed the name of Khadki to Fatehnagar.

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Aurangabad is sometimes referred to as Khujista Bunyad by the chroniclers of Aurangzeb's reign.

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Mughal Aurangabad was a cultural hub, serving as an important centre of Persian and Urdu literature.

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Aurangabad continued to be politically and culturally significant for the next 40 years as capital of Asaf Jah's new dominion, until his son and successor Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II transferred the capital to Hyderabad in 1763.

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However, Aurangabad would continue to be important as the "second city" of the Nizam's dominions for the remainder of the polity's lifetime.

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In 1816, the British established a cantonment outside Aurangabad, but were discouraged from entering the city proper by the Nizam's officials.

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Aurangabad began to industrialise in the late 19th century, with the city's first cotton mill being opened in 1889.

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Aurangabad division is one of the six administrative divisions of Maharashtra state in India.

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Aurangabad is considered to be a classic example of efforts of state government towards balanced industrialisation of state.

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Aurangabad is surrounded by the industrial areas of Chikhalthana, Shendra and Waluj MIDC.

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Culture of Aurangabad city is heavily influenced by the culture of Hyderabad.

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Aurangabad is a historical city along with its surrounding towns and villages.

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Aurangabad Airport is an airport serving the city and has connecting flights to Hyderabad, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Tirupati, Visakhapatnam and Thiruvananthapuram.

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Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad is an autonomous engineering college.

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Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad is a state university located in Aurangabad.

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Aurangabad has schools run by the Aurangabad Municipal Corporation and private schools owned and run by trusts and individuals.

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Government Polytechnic Aurangabad is one of the polytechnic institutions in Marathwada region.

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